AuSIL Dictionary Series A-
5

 

Interactive
Walmajarri—English
Dictionary:

 

with English—Walmajarri
finderlist

(2nd Edition)

 

Compilers:

Eirlys Richards and Joyce Hudson

 

Australian Society for Indigenous Languages (AuSIL)

2012

 

Click on this link to enter the dictionary

 

Compilers:    Eirlys Richards and Joyce Hudson

Copyright:    © 2011 Australian Society for Indigenous Languages

Publication:   AuSIL Interactive Dictionary Series A-5

Series Editor:Charles E. Grimes

Editor:         Maarten Lecompte (for interactive version)

Contact:       ausil@sil.org

 

Introduction

The Walmajarri language (Ethnologue/ISO code: wmt) is spoken by the Walmajarri people who traditionally lived in the Great Sandy Desert to the south of the Kimberley. Subsequent events took them to cattle stations, towns and missions scattered over a wide area in the north of Western Australia.  Currently Walmajarri people live in towns and communities from Mulan (Lake Gregory) in the east along the Fitzroy River valley and as far west as Bidjadanga on the coast. 

map Walmajarri

Acknowledgements

This Walmajarri Interactive Dictionary is based on the Walmajarri-English dictionary compiled from materials Eirlys Richards and Joyce Hudson gathered in and around Fitzroy Crossing between 1967 and 1984 while working as field linguists.

Following are the names of those who contributed to the printed version and therefore to this electronic one:

Walmajarri speakers: Limerick Malyapuka, John Charles, Pompey Siddon, David Downs, Tommy May, Peter Skipper, Mona Chuguna, Jimmy Pike, Olive Bieundurry (Knight), Rena Pindan, Mary Nellie, Budgie Honeychild (Yankarr), Lucy Walgarie, Bessie Doonday Napangarti, Freda Napanangka, Nancy Bangu, Nundi Bemba and May Stundi.

Illustrators: Alan Lawford, Frank Gardener and Chris Hill.

The Walmajarri speakers represented known dialects of the language. Where they identified words as belonging to a particular region or group, the identification used was shown in brackets after the headword;  (E) Eastern, (J) Juwaliny, M (middle), (N) Noonkanbah. The electronic version maintains this identification.

The dictionary was published by SIL as Richards and Hudson (1990), but is now out of print.  In 2012 the 2nd edition was published using the same content as this electronic version.

For this interactive version, minor revisions have been made to the electronic database by Richards and Hudson.

·         Semantic categories have been added to assist electronic searches.

·         Audio files have been added to many of the entries. The following Walmajarri speakers have provided these: Clarrie Maurie, Ludo Pindan, Annette Lormada, Susan Chiguna, Mona Chuguna, Irene Bent, Stella Jimbidie and Jennifer Dickens.

·         Photos have been added to a number of entries. They were contributed by Pat Lowe and Tanya Vernes.

·         Original entries for fauna and flora have been edited using information from the draft publication Walmajarri Plants and Animals: Aboriginal flora and fauna knowledge from the Paruku IPA, southern Kimberley.

 

The interactive version of this dictionary and the introduction was prepared by Maarten Lecompte using Toolbox and Lexique Pro.

Walmajarri sounds

Walmajarri has seventeen consonants and six vowels, three long and three short. The vowels are:

 

 

front

central

back

 

high

short

i

 

u

long

ii

uu

 

low

short

 

a

 

long

aa

 

 

 

 

 

 

Walmajarri consonants are presented below. The symbols used in the practical orthography in the Walmajarri Interactive Dictionary are presented first in dark red, with IPA symbols in square brackets for special sounds. All sounds in the stop series have voiced and voiceless allophones.

 

lips

tongue tip forward

tongue tip curled back

middle of tongue

back of tongue

bilabial

apico-alveolar

apico-retroflex-alveolar

lamino-palatal

velar

stops

p

t

rt [ʈ]

j [ʧ]

k

nasals

m

n

rn [ɳ]

ny [ɲ]

ng [ŋ]

glides

w

y

r [ɻ]

 

 

lateral

 

l [l]

rl [ɭ]

ly [ʎ]

 

trill

 

rr [r]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related resources available from AuSIL

An introduction to the language and culture can be found in:

The Walmatjari - Part 1 (pdf; 3.9Mb)

 

A more detailed introduction to the sound system and grammar can be found in:

The Walmatjari - Part 2 (pdf; 3.4Mb)

Some features of high level phonology in Walmatjari (p. 245-257)

Walmatjari noun phrase

 

A phonology and grammar sketch of Walmajarri can also be found here.

 

Some references on Walmajarri

Coward, David F. and Charles E. Grimes. (1995, 2000). Making dictionaries: a guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw: Summer Institute of Linguistics. www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/mdf.html

Hudson, Joyce. (1978). The core of Walmatjari grammar. Canberra: Australian Institute for Aboriginal Studies.

Hudson, Joyce and Eirlys Richards. (1969) The phonology of Walmajarri. Oceanic Linguistics 8/2: 171-189.

Hudson, Joyce. (1981). Some features of high level phonology in Walmatjari. In Bruce Waters (ed.), Australian phonologies: Collected papers, 245-57. Work Papers of SIL-AAB, A-5. Darwin: Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Hudson, Joyce and Eirlys Richards. (1976). The Walmatjari: An introduction to the language and culture. Work Papers of SIL-AAB, B-1. Darwin: Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Richards, Eirlys. (1979). The Walmatjari noun phrase. In Christine Kilham (ed.), Four grammatical sketches: From phrase to paragraph, 93-128. Work Papers of SIL-AAB, A-3. Darwin: Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Richards, Eirlys and Joyce Hudson (comp.) (1990). Walmajarri-English dictionary. Darwin: Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Richards, Eirlys and Joyce Hudson (comp.) (2012). Walmajarri-English Dictionary: with English Finder List. 2nd edition. AuSIL Dictionary Series, A-5. Darwin: Australian Society for Indigenous Languages.