A - a

aga   Variant: agaga.

nc4. waterhole, a line of mangrove trees hiding a creek. Category: Elements. Usage: This is said to be a ngurtikin (Sandy Creek people) word, more commonly used form is 'wurl'.

ajirrik   advpart. perhaps, might. Yanat ajirrik inypaniyarrun inypanilalku. He might follow and spear it (emu).

ajirriki   nc6. scraps of vegetable food, bits of vegetable food. Category: Plants. Ta ajirriki naka jara walij awk. Ajirriki is bits of (vegetable) food. See: iyirriki.

ajput   nc4.

1 • sand, beach. Category: Elements. Ngana tuka ajput. I am going to the beach.

2 • sugar. Ngana nganalakpalwarrki ngartu ta ajput. I am going to buy myself sugar.

ajputajput   nc4. along the beaches. Kawarra ajputajput. They are going along the beaches (looking for turtle eggs).

akarnpa   nc4. yam root. Category: Food Drink Cooking and Fire. Takapa akarnpa wularr. Those are yam roots. See: igarnpa.

akarra   nc6. many, a lot of. Category: Number and Quantity. See: wigarra.

akijalk   nc6. yam, grain or vegetable fruit or body. Category: Plants. See: ingijalk.

akiri   nc6. skin of some nc6 item, yam, grain, etc., foreskin. Category: Plants. See: ingiri.

akpaj   vroot. gather together in one place, put together. Gram: used with tv kinima Category: Holding and Transfer. Ararrkpi ying inimang akpaj. A man might come and put them together.

aku   exclam. alright! Kokatakanyi kumanyiga!/ Aku! Hurry bring it here!/ Alright!

akutju   1 • also. Kapin inyalgan. Kawa kiwen kamiturrka wanyji kinima akutju. Like a turtle. They go and harpoon it, pull it in close and also get hold of it.

2 • too. Kayirrk la jurrkpi ngalurrangpi muj ngimany akutju. Then I jumped in and got it too.

3 • either. Nganung yunyi kunta wupaj ta kangparlparran la yunyi kanmin kula akutju ja irratat. Sister-in-law, you must not drink clear water and you must not eat meat either.

akurlaj   nc6. its name. Gram: occurs with item of nc6 Category: Plants. See: ingurlaj.

akurlyak   nc6. important. Gram: occurs with item of nc6 See: ingurlyak.

alaj   Variant: algaj; ilij. accompaniment, with. Algaj ngaw ngalangila arrkpaning. We were sitting with Ngalangila.

alalanyun   nc3. young men. Category: People and Kinship. Mganamin nuwurru anpulawnut, alalanyun. I am going to speak to your elders, young men.

alalkiya   nc2. woman who has borne a child, a woman who has a large family. Category: People and Kinship. Alalkiya, ngawu! Mother of children, come!

alan   nc4. path, track, road. Category: Elements. Kaningula alan karrpin, mutika alan. He is making a road we call, a vehicle road.

alangunta   1 • nc5. tree from whose roots a yellow dye is obtained, and whose fruit is eaten as a cure for colds. Category: Plants.

2 • nc1. dye from the alangunta tree. Category: Plants.

alapanja   nc5. tree from which rope is made. Category: Plants. Alapanja naka kampungula alguru. From the alapanja tree they make rope/string. It grows near the beach and has large yellow flowers.

alapika   nc1. turtle type.

alawi   nc1. fishing net. Category: Artefacts Constructions and Personal Objects. Mata alawi mata kamarnti tuka kurrampalk wukej. The fishing net is hanging inside the house.

alguru   nc5. string, rope. Category: Plants.

ali   Variant: wali. turn (in a series). Ngapimung ali. It is my turn (to do it).

alijalij   nc1. harpoon shaft. Category: Artefacts Constructions and Personal Objects. Alijalij karryutpa ja ingarakpin karryen ja inyarlgan. We put the harpoon into the spear shaft and spear the turtle.

alikornka   nc2. mother of deceased child. Category: People and Kinship. Jaka jita kinyarra waraju jita alokornka. There goes the mother of the deceased child. A person is not addressed by this name.

aliwi   nc4. worthless, no good. Category: Mood and Character. Naka aliwi. It is no good. See: yaliwi.

alkparn   nc1. sandfish, diamond fish. Category: Fish and Sea life. Usage: Mayinjinaj form: walarrapalarra

alngkat   nc1. small, spiky, poisonous fish. Category: Fish and Sea life. this fish lives in seaweed.

alya   vroot. forget. Gram: used with iv kerra Category: Bodily Functions. Ngapi nguran alya. I forgot. See: kelimutpin.

alwirrgukalwirrguk   nc5. parasite. Grows on a tree trunk and is used as a poultice.

amama   vroot. be absent. Gram: used with iv kerra Kerra amama. He is absent.

amarriyuwun   nc2. widow. Category: People and Kinship.

amparrkamparr   everyone. Amparrkamparr amalkpany kirrka. Everyone came.

angkat   always. Kiwani angkat. He always sits there.

angmalanmalany   weak from hunger. Category: Healing Sickness and Ailments. Angmalanmalany naka wirrngak karrpaju. Angmalanmalany means that we are hungry.

angparti   1 • nc5. forepart of the canoe. Category: Artefacts Constructions and Personal Objects. Usage: Macassan

2 • nc1. one who works from the forepart of the canoe. Category: Ceremony and Dreaming. Ja angparti ja kinin kiyap yara inyarlgan. The one who works from the forepart of the canoe spears the fish or the turtle.

3 • nc1. expert in his own field. Naka ja angparti. He is an expert at it.

angulkpuniny   iv. he fell. Warranygiw angulkpuniny parak. The child fell down. See: kangulkpuni.

animany arakap   iv. he had an idea (about something). Category: Mood and Character. Animany arakap ta awunpannyukiki warranygiw. He had an idea about what to teach the children. See: arakap.

animanyirri   mother's mother's brother. Category: People and Kinship. Ngapi ngungmanyirri. My sister's daughter's chidren (spoken by male).

animanyirri mayakpu   mother's mother's brother who arranges the marriage.

aningurtpulmuniy   nc. last, youngest son in a family. Category: People and Kinship. See: ja warrwak; awuniluriny.

anjirla   nc5. spear (general term). Category: Artefacts Constructions and Personal Objects.

anmila   exclam. hurry! be quick!

anpulawnut   nc3. elders. Category: People and Kinship. Nganamin nuwurru anyak anpulawnut pularr. I will say just a little to you elders.

anpulirri   nc3. soldiers, warriors. Category: People and Kinship.

antawulmurra   nc1. turtle, small hawksbill. Category: Reptiles and Snakes.

any   nc4. armpit. Category: Human Body Parts and Products.

anyak   1 • small amount of, a piece out of. Anyakju ngimiyarma I only want a small piece.

2 • adj. young, small. Ja pipij anyak marrik ilangalinga la naka ingurrinang. The small child wasn't sitting down, he was running (about).

anyanat   nc4. it. See: yanat.

ap   vroot. sit down. Category: Manner and Posture. Yuran ap iwaning. He sat down and stayed there.

apa   Variant: pa.

apagarl   nc1. bald. Category: Human Body Parts and Products. Nakapa apagarl ja arrarrkpi. That man is bald.

apan   nc5. spear shaft. Category: Artefacts Constructions and Personal Objects. Mata apan algaj rlama. The spear shaft has a shovel spear point.

apangkun   adj. huge, large.

aparrangula   iv. ripe, ready to eat, mature yam or grain crop. Gram: takes a nc6 subject Category: Food Drink Cooking and Fire. Kantayanti takapa ta aparrangula karwuluk! Look at that ready to eat yam! Wularrut aparrangulany ta mawugany. The lily roots have already matured.

aparrk   nc6. penis. Category: Human Body Parts and Products. See: imarrk.

apartpalmili   nc6. part of the house under the gables. Category: Artefacts Constructions and Personal Objects. See: iwartpalmili.

apawurr   nc6. armlike projections on potato or yam. Category: Food Drink Cooking and Fire. See: imawurr.

aperr   nc6. dry. Category: Elements. See: iwerr.

apijpirr   clear sky, no rain coming. Category: Elements. Malany walmat angkal kangmalkpaga?/ Wularrut apijpirr kirrk. Is the rain still coming down?/ It has cleared up now.

apiya   nc6. foliage of yam, grain crop or coconut tree. Category: Plants. Takapa apiya ngaw karwuluk. That id the foliage of the long yam. See: iwiya.

apugi   nc6. old, worn out. Category: Time. See: iwugi.

apun   nc6. big, important. See: imun.

apungkurryuwu   nc6. time of the year when bush food is ready to be collected. Category: Time. Malany ta kapin apururrk ta miyulum nakapa katja karrapun. When it is time to go and get the miyulum yams we go and dig them up. See: iwururrk.

apururrk walij   Variant: apururrkpalij.

nc6. time of the year when bush food is plentiful. Category: Time. Wularrut apururrkpalij la arrkpana arrapanawun arrapanal. It is now harvest time (for bush foods) so let us go and dig for them and eat them. This is the harvest time for yams, when the long grass goes to seed and falls down.

ara   prep. as far as, all the way to. Ngarrungmarrajpuning kapa ara Anjumu. We walked as far as Anjumu.

ara   Variant: arda.

part. eh? (Question marker which expects a yes answer). Arrkpana arda? Let's go, eh?

arak   advpart. across. Gram: takes singular object Nganyutpan arak. I put (the wood, plank) across.

arakarak   advpart. across. Gram: takes non-singular object Mannyutpan arakarak. He put (the planks) across.

arampurr   adj. baritone, deep-voiced, low tones as in didjeridoo. Category: Sounds. Marryun kawunginka arampurr. Young men talk with deep voices. See: rumpurr; italka.

arartal   tv. keep on blocking the way, obstructing. Kungpun arartal ngartu. You are continuing to block my way. See: rtal.

arawirr   1 • nc5. didjeridoo. Category: Artefacts Constructions and Personal Objects.

2 • nc1. gun. Category: Artefacts Constructions and Personal Objects.

arawungut   nc4. few. Category: Number and Quantity. See: yarawungut.

arij   vroot. be sleepy. Gram: used with iv kiwruju Category: Bodily Functions. Ngurujung arij. I am sleepy.

aril   vroot.

1 • circle around. Gram: used with iv kili Category: Motion. Koyanti karlurri kili aril. Look at the bird circling around.

2 • cut around. Gram: used with tv kinilalku Category: Impact and Violence. Inilalkuny arilga arilwi. He cut it in a circular fashion.

arilka   nc1. parrot fish. Category: Fish and Sea life. Marryun inimany mira arilka. The boy got a lot of parrot fish.

arilaril   vroot. go on circling around. Category: Motion. See: aril.

arka   Variant: orka.

advpart. part way, halfway. Iwumany arka iwutpan. They took it part of the way and then put it down.

arkalu   nc4. light in weight. Gram: used with item of nc4 See: yarkalu.

arirrij   vroot. look behind, look around. Gram: used with stv kimin Category: Bodily Functions. Iminy arirrij. He looked behind.

arirrijarirrij   vroot. keep looking behind. Gram: used with stv kimin Category: Bodily Functions. Yunyi karrpin arirrijarirrij. We must not keep looking behind.

arlajirr   nc1. shell, cockle type, edible. Category: Fish and Sea life. Kerukikin tuka nganykarrgarr la karrima ja arlajirr. The arlajirr cockle climbs up into the mangroves and we collect them.

arlampa   Variant: karlampa.

nc1. headband used by men. Category: Artefacts Constructions and Personal Objects. used in performing kurnapipi , wuwarr and mardayin ceremonies. This is an 'outside' word; in the ceremony it has another name.

arlamun   nc1.

1 • kidney. Category: Human Body Parts and Products. Naka arlamun murrkaj. That is kidney fat.

2 • yam species. Category: Food Drink Cooking and Fire. Ngungpuning ngimany arlamun. I was digging and got an arlamun yam.

arlarl   vroot. be ignorant of, be confused about. Gram: used with iv kiwani Category: Vocalising and Thought. Ngapi ngawani arlarl la marrik ngungmanyi. I am ignorant (of that) because I didn't get it properly (before).

arlarrarr   no, nothing, none. Nganmarwanyi rrupiya?/ Ngapi arlarrarr. Marrik ngetping. Can I have some money?/ I have nothing. I don't have any.

arliyu   nc1. fish type, long fish. Category: Fish and Sea life. Nuka ja arliyu ja yarntulyak ja kiyap. This arliyu is a long fish.

arlkarl   vroot. keep on crawling. Gram: used with iv kerra Category: Motion. See: karl.

arlkinyarlkiny   nc1. gland. Category: Human Body Parts and Products.

arlmarra   nc5. gum tree with white blossoms. Category: Plants.

arnakuj   1 • nc1. fish type, spotted, inflates its abdomen. Category: Fish and Sea life.

2 • nc5. fish trap type. Category: Artefacts Constructions and Personal Objects.

arnangkat   nc4. strong, hard (to touch). Gram: used with item of nc4 Category: Colour Pattern and Texture.

arntulyak   nc4. long, tall. Gram: used with item of nc4 See: yarntulyak.

arnmilwil   nc1. oysters when still attached to rock. Category: Fish and Sea life. These are sometimes knocked still attached to rock and roasted on coals to be eaten.

arnpij   nc1. piece of loose or hanging skin. Category: Human Body Parts and Products.

arnpurrik   nc1. hawk. Category: Birds.

arr   vroot.

1 • pull, stretch. Gram: used with iv kimin Category: Bodily Functions. Ngamin arr. I am stretching (myself). Gram: used with tv kinima Category: Holding and Transfer. Inimangung arrga. He was pulling it in this direction.

2 • too long, very long. Gram: used with iv kiw Katju arr ta tuka. This thing is very long/ too long.

3 • keep, hang onto. Category: Holding and Transfer. Ngaw arr ta ngapi. I am keeping (that), hanging onto (it).

arrarr   vroot.

1 • tease. Gram: used with tv kinima Category: Vocalising and Thought. Karrima arrarr. We are teasing him.

2 • diarrhoea. Gram: used with tv kinima , nc1 impersonal object (subject?), personal object Category: Human Body Parts and Products. Nganima arrarr. Diarrhoea has me (I have diarrhoea).

arrarlawu   nc4. reflection, eg. cloud in water.

arrarrkpi   nc1.

1 • nc1. man. Category: People and Kinship. Nuka arrarrkpi. This is a man.

2 • nc1. Aboriginal man. Category: People and Kinship. Nuka arrarrkpi la nuka palanta. This is an aborigine and this is a white man.

3 • nc3. group of Aboriginal people. Category: People and Kinship. Arrarrkpi kawulangali iliwan. The (aboriginal) people are at Iliwan.

4 • nc3. mankind. Category: People and Kinship. Ngarrurri arrarrkpi yirrk, ta ngarrurri. We are all people, we are.

arrarru   nc1. fish type, ?flounder. Category: Fish and Sea life. Ja arrarru ja nuwanpal ja kiyap. The arrarru fish is a broad fish.

arrapujpa   nc1. song man. Category: People and Kinship. Kawaga arrapujpa la pata kiwatlukpa kamirawn la kiwarlpukpa. The songman and the dancers come and they sing and dance.

arrapulyu   nc1. catfish. Category: Fish and Sea life.

arrayi   nc1. black lipped oyster. Category: Fish and Sea life.

arrimanga   add. term of address to brother or sister of deceased person. Category: People and Kinship.

arrinypiny   ?nc2. one who stands in a possible wife relationship. Category: People and Kinship.

arrkarl   nc1. garfish. Category: Fish and Sea life.

arrkingan   my sibling. Gram: 1st inclusive pronoun prefix. Category: People and Kinship. See: awulingan; ngatingan.

arrkitingiti   used in identifying with others who have the same name. Gram: 1st inclusive pronoun prefix. Category: People and Kinship. See: ngeygo.

arrkparlarrut   we (who are) moiety brothres, we of the same moeity. Gram: 1st inclusive pronoun prefix. Category: People and Kinship. See: witparlarrut.

arrkpururrk   nc1. scar tissue. Category: Human Body Parts and Products. Arrkpururrk awk tuka karrpaju. Scars occur where we get hurt.

arrkpuntuj   used between female persons of the same clan, having the same clan name. Gram: 1st inclusive pronoun prefix

arrkpurrung   used between male persons of the same clan, having the same clan name. Gram: 1st inclusive pronoun prefix

arruk   nc1. death adder. Category: Reptiles and Snakes.

arruntumalngajpung   our ancestors, those from whom we are descended. Gram: 1st inclusive pronoun prefix Category: People and Kinship. See: kinimalngajpun.

artakamul   nc5. short throwing stick used to hit magpie geese when out hunting. Category: Artefacts Constructions and Personal Objects. Kawa Iliwan kiwuwun manimunak artakamul. They are catching magpie geese with a throwing stick at Iliwan.

artany   in exchange for, in return for. Artany arrunpung walij. In exchange they gave us food. Yanat iwung warramumpik la artany awunnyung kupuny yirrik la kunuka yirrik. They gave him a woman and in return he might give them a canoe or a spear or something else.

artpurrij   Variant: artpurrgij.

nc6. 1 • type of bush yam something like a long yam. Category: Food Drink Cooking and Fire.

2 • sweet potato. Category: Food Drink Cooking and Fire. Artpurrij katjurjin Anjumu Sweet potatoes are planted at Anjumu.

artun   nc6.

1 • new edible yam or other vegetable food. Category: Food Drink Cooking and Fire.

2 • fresh. Gram: used with item of nc6 This stage follows apururrk walij .

arukaruk   nc4. late afternoon, early evening. Category: Time. Arrarrkpi awk ta kawarra kinyuryi muwarn pata wera pata arrarrkpi karrpin pu katja arrarranyi nuyu arukaruk. When people go about and the sun is going down somw people say let's go because it is late afternoon.

arukin   nc1.

1 • snake, generic term. Category: Reptiles and Snakes.

2 • rainbow. Category: Elements.

3 • kurnapipi ceremony. Category: Ceremony and Dreaming. Kawurtin jita arukin. They have gone inland for the kurnapipi.

aryak   nc4. wet. Category: Colour Pattern and Texture. See: yaryak.

atakpirij   nc6. mouth, opening. Gram: used with item of nc6 See: ilakpirij.

atijpularr   nc6.

1 • young plant, small plant. Category: Plants.

2 • fingers. Category: Human Body Parts and Products. Ta nigi la ta atijpularr. The thumb and the fingers. See: ilijpularr.

atimi   nc6. trunk of any nc6 tree, coconut tree trunk. Category: Plants. See: inimi.

atimputput   nc6. thumb, big toe. Category: Human Body Parts and Products.

atjak   nc6.

1 • pain, sickness, fever. Ngamaju atjak. I am sick with a fever. See: kuyak.

2 • name of a place from which overwhelming sickness comes. There is an atjak place on North Goulburn Island and also Poison Island, near Croker Island.

atjamin   nc6. it, reciprocal, contrastive pronoun. See: yamin.

atjanat   nc6. it. Atjanatapa ta ngapi ta wawaj. It is my digging stick. See: yanat.

atjirr   nc1.

1 • lower flipper and pertaining meat of turtle, half of, one side of muli , the bottom part of the turtle. Category: Reptiles and Snakes.

2 • area west of Goulburn Island, Corker Island and Cape Don area. See: imulk.

atjirriki   nc6. left-over crumbs or scraps of food, flour, yam etc. See: iyirriki.

atjiyarrkarrk   nc1. possessions of a living person, refers to materials, blankets, clothes, not to large items such as cars, boats, etc. Category: Artefacts Constructions and Personal Objects. See: napujanpuja.

aturtpuj   nc6. it is short. Gram: used with item of nc6 See: ilurtpuj.

awalijap   nc6. it is small. Gram: used with item of nc6 See: ilijap.

awalinjinyut   nc6. they are small, small things. Gram: used with item of nc6 See: ilinjinyut.

awaliwi   nc6. it is worthless, no good. Gram: used with item of nc6 Category: Mood and Character. See: yaliwi.

awara   nc6. other, another. Gram: used with item of nc6 See: jara.

awarawungut   nc6. few. Gram: used with item of nc6 Category: Number and Quantity. See: yarawungut.

awarkalu   nc6. light in weight. Gram: used with item of nc6 See: yarkalu.

awarnangkat   nc6. strong, hard. Gram: used with item of nc6 Category: Colour Pattern and Texture. See: yarnangkat.

awarntulyak   nc6. long, tall. See: yarntulyak.

awaryak   nc6. wet. Gram: used with item of nc6 Category: Colour Pattern and Texture. See: yaryak.

awk   plu mkr. refers to a group of items or people. Awuniwu awk nukang arukin. The snake might hurt that group of people. La kuwanala awk ja karlurri la irratat. You can eat all kinds (groups) of animals and meats. Ngarrartayawng awk ta kurnpi atangaling. We could see the groups of kurnpi trees standing there.

awat   nc1. vomitus. Category: Human Body Parts and Products.

awulingan   they are siblings. Category: People and Kinship. See: arrkingan.

awunminy   they were the same. Category: People and Kinship. See: kiwnmin.

awunilakpaminy   he is their paternal grandfather. Category: People and Kinship.

awuniluriny   youngest son in a family. Category: People and Kinship. See: ja warrwak; aningurtpulmuniny.

awunimungkutpinyung   he is their mother's father, and siblings. Category: People and Kinship. Puka pata ngarrkarrk warrarrawurnji puka pata nuwarlkparrakan awunimungkutpinyung. These two girls are the children of this old man's sister's daughter.

awuntumalngajpung   they are descendents from him. Category: People and Kinship. See: kinimalngajpun.

awurgun   nc6. raw, uncooked, unripe. Gram: used with item of nc6 Category: Colour Pattern and Texture. See: yurgun.

awurr   nc4. billabong, wide stretch of water which dries up in the Dry season. Category: Direction and Location.

awururt   nc6. cooked, ripe. Category: Colour Pattern and Texture. See: yurrurt.

ayang   nc1. kangaroo (generic term).

ayay   vroot. be hanging. Gram: used with iv kili Category: Impact and Violence. Naka kili ayay ja manpurrwa. The material is hanging there.

ayirrayirr   vroot. rinse out, gargle. Gram: used with iv kimin Category: Sounds. Anmina ayirrayirr. You must gargle.

ayu   exclam. I don't know. Ngampiwi yuran ja kayu?/ Ayu. Ngampiwi yirrikpi yuran? Where has older-brother gone?/ I don't know. Where has he gone?

ayuk   nc4. way of life, a law, the custom. Category: Ceremony and Dreaming.

ayukayuk   nc6. decorative band of string. Category: Artefacts Constructions and Personal Objects. Apangaka ayukayuk. She will wear the ceremonial body band. It is worn crossed under breasts and around back in puberty ceremony of girl concerned. It is made by marnmarn (cross-cousin, father's mother) and must not be seen by others while it is being made. See: panang.