A - a

a-   prefix. he or it (an- class) as subject of i.v., or as object of t.v. acted upon by he/she/it{him}.Paradigm: t. and i.v; occurs in agreement with an- class nouns. a-gonyjinga burrwa he called to them. nganaparra a-rrana he speared the buffalo. Category: prefixes-verbal.

aa   conj. and, i.e. and until, and then, and now. See main entry: Aaa. Usage: aa and is spelled Aaa sentence initial, as a spelling convention.. Nguna-anya barra ay-wenggana, aa a-gunggaja arrkula. You and I must ask our Father, and then he can help us. Aaa gun-narda janguny jurdach an-guyinda gu-rrimarra, minypa nipa gun-burral janguny arr-wuna murna jurdach an-guyinda. And that's the story the descendants had, like the descendants handed down the true story to us. Synonym: rrapa.

Aaa   conj. and. See main entry: aa.

abi-   prefix. 3rd pers. pl. acting upon 3rd pers. sg. an- class. See main entry: abu-. Category: prefixes-verbal.

abirri-   prefix. 3rd pers. dl. masc. intransitive or acting upon 3rd pers. sg. an- class. See main entry: awirri-, awurri-.Paradigm: t. and i.v.; descr.; acc..

1 • they two masc., as subject of i.v. or as descr. prefix. abirri-jekarra; they two masc. went back; abirri-molamola they two masc. are good. abirri-mujaruk they two masc. messengers.

2 • they two masc. acting upon him or it (an- class). abirri-buna , awirri-buna , awurri-buna they two masc. hit him. See: jibirri- equivalent form acting on 3rd pers. sg. jin- class; mbirri- equivalent form acting on 3rd pers. sg. mun- class; gubirri- equivalent form acting on 3rd pers. sg. gun- class; abirriny- 3rd pers. dl. fem. acting upon 3rd pers. sg. an- class; jibirriny- 3rd pers. dl. fem. acting upon 3rd pers. sg. jin- class; mbirriny- 3rd pers. dl. fem. acting upon 3rd pers. sg. mun- class; gubirriny 3rd pers. dl. fem. acting upon 3rd pers. sg. gun- class.

3 • in, on, by means of their..., as of something inalienably possessed by they two masc. (e.g. body parts). rrupiya abirri-murna they two masc. are rich. Category: prefixes-verbal.

abirrin-   prefix. 3rd pers. dl. fem. intransitive or acting upon 3rd pers. sg. an- class. See main entry: abirriny-.

abirriny-   prefix. 3rd pers. dl. fem. intransitive or acting upon 3rd pers. sg. an- class. See main entry: awirriny-, awurriny-. Usage: intervocalic b in the verb prefixes, being pre-stress, freely fluctuates with w, especially preceding stem-initial b; and following the resultant w, the i tends to change to u. See main entry: abirrinyu-. Usage: preceding stem initial n /rn/, l /rl/ and r, prefix-final ny becomes nyu (except in the case of ny- 2nd pers. sg. which becomes nyi-). See main entry: abirrin-. Usage: preceding stem initial d /rd/ and rr, prefix final ny becomes n (except in the case of jiny- 3rd pers. sg. fem. which becomes jinyu- preceding stem-initial d), and following the resultant n, stem-initial rr becomes d.Paradigm: t. and i.v.; descr.; acc..

1 • they two fem., as subject of i.v. or as descr. prefix. abirriny-bona , awirriny-bona , awurriny-bona they two fem. went. abirrinyu-lijiwarriyana they two fem. got lost. abirriny-molamola they two fem. are good. abirriny-jata abirrinyu-gumarrbipa niya those two (fem.) are his wives.

2 • they two fem. acting upon him or it (an- class). balapala abirrin-denyjinga they two fem. visited him. See: jibirriny-; mbirriny-; gubirriny- 3rd pers. sg., jin-, mun- and gun- class respectively, acted upon by 3rd pers. dl. fem.; abirri-; jibirri-; mbirri-; guburri- 3rd pers. sg., an-, jin-, mun- and gun- class respectively, acted upon by 3rd pers. dl. masc..

3 • in, on, by means of their..., as of something inalienably possessed by they two fem. (e.g. body parts). Balaja abirriny-murna; burraya arrbu-wu. They two (fem.) have food; soon they will give (some) to us. Category: prefixes-verbal, descriptives, prefixes-accompaniment.

abirrinyu-   prefix. 3rd pers. dl. fem. intransitive or acting upon 3rd pers. sg. an- class. See main entry: abirriny-.

abu-   prefix. they three or more acting upon him or it (an- class). See main entry: abi-. Usage: preceding stems in which the stressed vowel is i, e, or a, and the initial consonant of the stem is apical (d, n, l, rr) or laminal (j, ny, y), the prefix-final u in the syllable bu becomes i.. See main entry: awu-. Usage: intervocalic b in the verb prefixes, being pre-stress, freely fluctuates with w; especially preceding stem-initial b..Paradigm: t.v.. abu-buna , awu-buna they (three or more) hit him/it (an-class). abi-rrana they (three or more) speared him/it (an- class). See: jibu-; mbi-; gubu- equivalent forms for jin-, mun- and gun- class objects. Category: prefixes-verbal.

aburr-   prefix. 3rd pers. pl. See main entry: awurr-. Usage: intervocalic b in the verb prefixes, being pre-stress, freely fluctuates with w, especially preceding stem-initial b.Paradigm: i.v., descr., acc..

1 • they more than two, as subject of i.v. or as descriptives prefix. aburr-bona , awurr-bona they went. aburr-gerna they're deaf. Aburr-mujaruk aburr-bena arrburrwa. Messengers came to us.

2 • in, on, by means of their..., as of something inalienably possessed by they more than two (e.g. body parts). rrupiya aburr-murna they are rich. Category: prefixes-verbal, descriptives, prefixes-accompaniment.

aburr-barra   n., descriptives. base of family structure; family=base; family=members.Paradigm: plural. aburr-yawyawga aburr-marmanyja aburr-barra extended family. See: barra lower back, rear, base. Category: kin.

aburr-gera mun-mardaguya   t. clause. line=up side by side. See main entry: mun-mardaguya.

aburr-yawyawga aburr-marmanyja aburr-barra   n. phr. extended=family{family} on the mother's side, all the mother's and children and maternal grandparents with their base.Paradigm: pl.. Wurra jin-nerranga jin-miliyak mu-lopa ngacha mununapa ngacha jerdapa ngacha aburr-nirra, birripa bawa burrwa barra gubu-borrwa aburr-yinmiya barra aburr-gunggaja achila balaja o mun-nga, minypa birripa aburr-yawyawga aburr-marmanyja aburr-barra. But another widow who has children and grandchildren, leave her to them so they will consider how they will help her (with) food or whatever, like they are extended family. Synonym: aburr-yawyawga marmanyja yerrcha aburr-barra. See: burr-bapala burr-jawa; burr-bapala burr-gulorra with wife and children. Category: kin.

aburr-yawyawga marmanyja yerrcha aburr-barra   n. phr. extended family. See main entry: aburr-yawyawga aburr-marmanyja aburr-barra.

acha   poss. prn. in kin relationship to her, i.e. related=to her. worlapa acha brother to her. See: niya masc. equivalent; nipa; achila; ngacha nom., dat. and caus. forms. Category: pronouns-poss..

achila   dat. prn. to/for/at her or it (jin- class).Paradigm: optionally takes the suffix -wa specific, which adds focus to dat. prns.. a-wena achila he spoke to her. Jichicha ana-ganyja achilawa. He brought fish specially for her. See: nula masc. equivalent; nipa; acha nom. and poss./caus. forms. Category: pronouns-dat..

achilawa   dat. prn. Minimal (sg.) 3rd pers. fem. dat. See main entry: achila.

a-ja   att. wd. hey (fem.)Paradigm: subjunc.. Ngika, a-ja! Gala arriny-yinmiya. Hey, no (fem.)! You and I can't do that. See: a-la; marla masc. and neuter equivalents; a-jay; ngaja declar. and imper. forms.

a-jay   att. wd. hey (fem.)Paradigm: declar.. A-jay, delipa, guwa! Hey, little (girl), come here! See: a-lay masc. equivalent; a-ja; ngaja subjunc. and imper. forms.

ajirri-   prefix. 3rd pers. sg. acting upon Included (1st) pers. Unit Augmented (three) masc.; 1st pers. sg. acting upon 2nd pers. dl. masc.Paradigm: t.v..

1 • he, she, it acting upon us (we three incl. masc.) nipa ajirri-wuna he gave it to us three incl. masc.

2 • I acting upon you two masc. burraya ajirri-wu soon I could give it to you two masc. See: ajirriny- fem. equivalent incl. masc., the 3rd pers. sg. being an outside influence. Category: prefixes-verbal.

ajirrin-   prefix. 3rd pers. sg. acting upon Included (1st) pers. Unit Augmented (three) fem.; 1st pers. sg. acting upon 2nd pers. dl. fem. See main entry: ajirriny-.

ajirriny-   prefix. 3rd pers. sg. acting upon Included (1st) pers. Unit Augmented (three) fem.; 1st pers. sg. acting upon 2nd pers. dl. fem. See main entry: ajirrinyu-. Usage: preceding stem initial n /rn/, l /rl/ and r, prefix-final ny nyi-). See main entry: ajirrin-. Usage: preceding stem initial d /rd/ and rr, prefix final ny becomes n (except in the case of jiny- 3rd pers. sg. fem. which becomes jinyu- preceding stem-initial d), and following the resultant n, stem-initial rr becomes d.Paradigm: t.v..

1 • he, she, it acting upon us (we three incl. fem.) nipa ajirriny-yu barra he/she will give to us three incl. fem. [Note: stem change of wu give to to yu following prefix ending in ny.] nipa ajirrinyu-nana he/she saw us three fem.

2 • I acting upon you two fem. ngaypa balapala ajirrin-denyja I could visit you two fem. See: ajirri- masc. equivalent. Category: prefixes-verbal.

ajirrinyu-   prefix. 3rd pers. sg. acting upon Included (1st) pers. Unit Augmented (three) fem.; 1st pers. sg. acting upon 2nd pers. dl. fem. See main entry: ajirriny-.

a-la   att. wd. hey (masc.)Paradigm: subjunc.. Ngika, a-la! Gala arr-yinmiya. Hey, no (masc.)! You and I can't do that. See: a-ja; marla fem. and neuter equivalents; a-lay; ngarla declar. and imper. forms.

a-lay   att. wd. hey (masc.)Paradigm: declar.. A-lay, delipa, guwa! Hey, little (boy), come here! See: a-jay fem. equivalent; a-la; ngarla subjunc. and imper. forms.

ama   kin term. mother.Paradigm: vocative: unaffixed; nominative: occurs with nguji- my (female relative). Ama ajay, balaja nguna! Hey mother, give me food! nguj-ama my mother [Note the i of the prefix is lost preceding the a of the stem.] Synonym: muma your mother. Category: kin.

an-   prefix. he or it; occurs on descriptives and derived nouns in agreement with an- class person or thing.Paradigm: descr.. gulukula an-bachirra the dog is savage. an-ngaypa gulukula my dog. an-gugurkuja dingo (from gurkuja be frightened). an-bambula a type of clam (from -bambula ignorant). Synonym: jin-, mun-, gun- equivalent forms which occur with other noun classes. See: ana-; ji-; mu-; gu- corresponding acc. prefixes. Category: prefix-descriptives.

ana-   prefix complex. 3rd pers. sg. (an- class) toward the focal point. See main entry: a-, -na-.

ana-   prefix. occurs on nouns and descriptives in agreement with an- class person or thing, indicating in, on, by=means=of.Paradigm: acc.. ana-galamang with an axe. Nipa ana-nyarlkuch a-yinanga nula an-gata.... The paralyzed man said to that man.... Synonym: ji-, mu-, gu- equivalent forms which occur with other noun classes. See: an- corresponding descriptives prefix. Category: prefixes-accompaniment.

ana-barlpa   temp. tomorrow. gala barra ny-yorija ana-barlpa nula don't worry about tomorrow. Synonym: ngulam, gurdarr. Category: times.

ana-belba   n. a type of shellfish; a mussel.Paradigm: an-. Synonym: gapajirrirda. Category: molluscs.

ana-bericha   n. common name for non-poisoness snakes.Paradigm: an-. Synonym: nguymbula, ana-berrpa common name for a large number of marine fishes; squirrelfishes and bigeyes, which are all reddish in colour and similar in behaviour; several species of seaperches, usually reddish and larger than the seaperches called 'gardakarnda' (which by contrast tend to be smaller, yellowish and striped); the Lagoon Damsel; common name for damselfishes which are not of Chromis genus, and for several hawkfishes; (Jowunga). See: ngu-rirra; warralmuna; gardakarnda. Category: reptiles.

ana-berrpa   n. common name for a large number of marine fishes; squirrelfishes and bigeyes, which are all reddish in colour and similar in behaviour; several species of seaperches, usually reddish and larger than the seaperches called garndakarnda (which by contrast tend to be smaller, yellowish and striped); the Lagoon Damsel; common name for damselfishes which are not of Chromis genus, and for several hawkfishes.Paradigm: an-. Variant: (M) Jowunga. Synonym: ngu-rirra, warralmuna, garndakarnda. Category: fish.

ana-bewarna   n. type of mangrove tree; the wood is soft and lightweight and floats; it stands together with the mun-gubolja mangrove tree; it doesn't have gonagochila mangrove worm, but does have the dungunbarra grub.Paradigm: an-. Category: plants.

ana-bilima   n. small white mangrove=worm which is bitter and must be cooked before eating, otherwise it causes sore throat and coughing.Paradigm: an-. See: murrma small freshwater mangrove worm; gonagochila large saltwater mangrove worm; dungunbarra witchetty grub found in ana-bewarna tree and Peanut Tree; rrurta witchetty grub found in tree hollows and in the ground in mudflats. Category: molluscs.

Ana-burla   proper n. a place east of Blyth River.Paradigm: gun-. Category: places.

ana-burreparra   n. a type of shellfish; a snail.Paradigm: an-. Turbo cinereus/prophyrites (Turbinidae). Category: molluscs.

ana-garlka   n. {fish}spinefoot=fishes data.Paradigm: an-. Category: fish.

ana-gartcha   n. in the river. See main entry: an-gartcha.

ana-goparnba   n. two edible species{fish}, a ray-like shark and a shovelnose=ray; Ornate=Angel=Shark; Yellow=Shovelnose-ray.Paradigm: an-. Squatina tergocellata; Aptychotremata sp.. Category: fish.

ana-goparnda   n. several species of fish, common name for flounders, soles and duckbills.Paradigm: an-. Variant: (M) Jowunga. Category: fish.

ana-gorla   n. cl an-. waning half moon; neap tide.

1 • last quarter phase of moon, when it's overhead at dawn, and there are no fish; half moon. Generic: ran.gu, an-jirderda. Ana-gorla minypa ran.gu waykin gu-rra. Waning moon like it's overhead (at dawn.)

2 • neap=tide. "Gun-guna bugula guy-bawuna, ya?" Wurra aburr-werranga aburr-yinanga, "Ngika. Gun-guna ana-gorla." "The tide has gone out, has it?" But others said, "No. This is (just) neap tide time." See: -gorla dry. Antonym: gorrmal spring tide (?). Category: moon, sea.

ana-gorrburra   poss./caus. prn. in kin relationship to you plural, i.e. related=to you; personally=to=or=for you plural. nyanyapa ana-gorrburra father to you all. See: ana-goyburrpa; ana-gorrburrwa nom. and dat. forms. Category: pronouns-poss./caus..

ana-gorrburrwa   dat. prn. to/for/at you more than two. nipa a-wena ana-gorrburrwa he spoke to you all. See: -wa specific to (obligatory and considered part of the stem for Augmented (pl.) dat. prns.); ana-goyburrpa; ana-gorrburra nom. and poss./caus. forms. Category: pronouns-dat..

ana-gorrinyja   poss./caus. prn. in kin relationship to you two fem., i.e. related=to you two; personally=to=or=for you two fem. nyanyapa ana-gorrinyja father to you two fem. See: ana-gota masc. equivalent; ana-gorrinyjipa; ana-gorrinyjula nom. and dat. forms. Category: pronouns-poss./caus..

ana-gorrinyjigugu   nom. prn. you two fem. first, as first before someone else. Ana-gorrinyjigugu nyirriny-boy barra; ngaypa nuwurra jurdach ngu-boy barra. You two (fem.) go first; I will go later last. Synonym: ana-gorrinyjipa you two fem.. Category: pronouns-nom..

ana-gorrinyjipa   nom. prn. you two fem. ana-gorrinyjipa marn.gi (nyirrinyu-ni) you two fem. know. nipa nyjirriny-gurdagurdarra barra ana-gorrinyjipa he will show you two fem. Synonym: ana-gorrinyjigugu you two fem. first. See: ana-gotipa masc. equivalent; ana-gorrinyja; ana-gorrinyjila poss./caus. and dat. forms. Category: pronouns-nom..

ana-gorrinyjula   dat. prn. to/for/at you two fem.Paradigm: optionally takes the suffix -wa specific, which adds focus to dat. prns. [Note that the final vowel of the stem changes to u when suffixed by -wa specific.]. a-wena ana-gorrinyjula he spoke to you two fem. Jichicha nguna-ganyja ana-gorrinyjuluwa I brought fish specially for you two fem. See: ana-gotula fem. equivalent; ana-gorrinyjipa; ana-gorrinyja nom. and poss./caus. forms. Category: pronouns-dat..

ana-gorrinyjuluwa   dat. prn. 2nd pers. dl. fem. dat. See main entry: ana-gorrinyjula.

ana-gota   poss./caus. prn. in kin relationship to you two masc., i.e. related=to you two; personally=to=or=for you two masc. nyanyapa ana-gota father to you two masc. See: ana-gorrinyja fem. equivalent; ana-gotipa; ana-gotula nom. and dat. forms. Category: pronouns-poss./caus..

ana-gotigugu   nom. prn. you two masc. first, as first before someone else. Ana-gotigugu nyirri-boy barra; nuwurra ngatipa jurdach. You two (masc.) will go first; later we two (excl.) will go last. Synonym: ana-gotipa. Category: pronouns-nom..

ana-gotipa   nom. prn. you two masc. ana-gotipa marn.gi (nyirri-ni) you two (masc.) know. nipa nyjirri-gurdagurdarra barra ana-gotipa he will show you two (masc.) Synonym: ana-gotigugu you two masc. first; -gotipa belonging to you two masc.. See: ana-gorrinyjipa fem. equivalent; ana-gota; ana-gotula poss./caus. and dat. forms. Category: pronouns-nom..

ana-gotula   dat. prn. to/for/at you two masc.Paradigm: optionally takes the suffix -wa specific, which adds focus to dat. prns. [Note that the final vowel of the stem changes to u when suffixed by -wa specific.]. a-wena ana-gotula he spoke to you two masc. Jichicha nguna-ganyja ana-gotuluwa. I brought fish specially for you two masc. See: ana-gorrinyjula fem. equivalent; ana-gotipa; ana-gota nom. and poss./caus. forms. Category: pronouns-dat..

ana-gotuluwa   dat. prn. Unit Augmented (dl.) 2nd pers. masc. dat. See main entry: ana-gotula.

ana-goyburrgugu   nom. prn. you=first, as you all (pl.) first before someone else. See main entry: ana-goyurrgugu. Usage: some speakers in fast speech. Ngardawa ana-goyburrgugu minypa ganyjarr nyibu-menga rrapa rrupiya nyibu-barnjinga, nuwurra jurdach aburr-werranga. Because you all got the motivation and put down money, later after (that) others (did). Synonym: ana-goyburrpa you all. Category: pronouns-nom..

ana-goyburrpa   nom. prn. you plural. Ana-goyburrpa yama nyiburr-galiya? Why don't you all listen? Synonym: ana-goyburrgugu you all first. See: ana-gorrburra; ana-gorrburrwa (poss., caus. and dat. forms). Category: pronouns-nom..

ana-gubamangunyja   temp. dark=part=of=night when there is no moon; moonless=night. Ana-gubamangunyja, minypa an-jirrerda gala ngunyana waykin a-ji, wurra burdak wupa a-rrimanga, gala ana-benggapa. The dark part of the night is like when the moon has not arrived but is still held down and isnt arriving. See: bama head; ngunyja mimic; -gungunyja black. Category: times.

Ana-gujalala   proper n. patrilineal clan name from near Mu-lela. Variant: (M) Yirrchinga. Category: clans.

ana-gurarrga   n. two ovoid species of shellfishes that live in the mangrove swamps.Paradigm: an-. Cassidula angulifera; Ellobium aurisjudae (Ellobiidae) [both]. Ngunyuta wenga ngu-wuleburda ngu-nirra: an-garlajawurrga wenga, nornda wenga, an-bambula wenga, gonagochila wenga, gu-munka wenga, rrapa ana-jima wenga rrapa ana-gurarrga; an-narda an-jaranga a-bona atila. From there Im finishing (the story): from the Ark Shell, from the mud whelk shellfish, from the clam, from the mangrove worm, from the pearl clam, and from the mangrove snail and the ana-gurarrga shellfish; those are the many that went (there) for us. Synonym: marrchila bima a-rrimarra totem name for both ana-gurarrga and an-gunerna transcribed by Audrey Baidjarljarl. Category: molluscs.

ana-gurichala   n. a type of shellfish; a mussel; possibly an Ark Shell ?Paradigm: an-. Category: molluscs.

ana-gurljurlburna   n. a type of shellfish; a mussel, Venus=clam.Paradigm: an-. Tapes dorsatus (Veneridae). Category: molluscs.

ana-gurlpun   n. hiccoughs.Paradigm: an-. Ana-gurlpun biy-yerrnyjinga. You have the hiccoughs.

ana-guwula   kin term. your brother. See main entry: -guwula.

ana-jalagurarr   n. several species of marine fishes; common name for sawfish.Paradigm: an-. Variant: (M) Yirrchinga. Category: fish.

ana-jaranga   loc. beach. See: jaranga sand. Synonym: marlarli sandy beach where tide rises (Martay); jabarda mudflats exposed by low tide (Gun-nartpa); gapurra, guna-gorlgarra mangrove mud. Category: habitats.

ana-jarrapardawa   n. several species of a type of squat conical-shaped shellfish.Paradigm: an-. Monodonta labio; Tectus pyramis; Trochus maculatus (Trochidae) [all] [Note: Monodonta labio is the more common species to the area.]. Category: molluscs.

ana-jawa   n. in/at/on the main part of river. See main entry: an-jawa.

ana-jiliwurwur   n. a long, thin, white, spiraled, univalve shellfish known as the Screw=Shell.Paradigm: an-. Turritella terebra (Turritellidae). Synonym: marda an-baykarda a descriptive phrase meaning long tail voiceless unaspirated; identified by Dr. R.C. Willan, N.T. Museum. Category: molluscs.

ana-jiliwurwur   n. little mouse, very small, that burrows in the ground near the beach; Delicate=Mouse.Paradigm: an-. Variant: (M) Yirrchinga. Pseudomys delicatulus. Generic: jocha. Category: mammals.

ana-jima   n. a species of shellfish that hangs onto the roots of mangroves trees, a snail known as Nerite; other snails of the same family are found nearby on the sand or rocks, and derive their Burarra name from this species.Paradigm: an-. Nerita balteata (Neritidae). See: ana-jima a-maya other snails known as Nerite. Category: molluscs.

ana-jima a-maya   i. clause, n. at least four species of shellfish found on the sand or rocks at the beach; snails known as Nerite and deriving their Burarra name from the species of Nerite which clings to mangrove roots.Paradigm: an-. Nerita polita; N. albicilla; N. undata; N. chamaleon (Neritidae) [all]. See: ana-jima a Nerite snail which clings to mangrove roots. Category: molluscs.

ana-jiparnnga   n. a type of shellfish; a mussel.Paradigm: an-. (Solecurtidae) -- Solecurtis sulcatus (?), Dunker, 1861. Category: molluscs.

ana-jirralanggula   n. several species of polished ovoid shellfish known as Volutes.Paradigm: an-. Amoria damoni keatsiana; Aulica sophiae; Amoria turneri; Aulica flavicans; Volutoconus bednalli (Volutidae) [all]. Category: molluscs.

ana-jola   n. waterhole; billabong.Paradigm: an-. Ana-jola minypa Wurdeja rrapa Damdam. Billabong like (at) Wurdeja and Damdam. Synonym: rralala, ngarnachala. See: mu-gochila a depression in the ground, which can sometimes be filled with water; ji-gochila the very large swamp associated with the "dreaming" at Balparnarra. Category: billabongs.

ana-jorra   n. a type of edible univalve shellfish with long apex and flared lip; found in the mangrove mud.Paradigm: an-. Strombus campbelli (Strombidae). Ana-jorra an-gubay jichicha an-mugapurra. The Stromb shellfish is edible seafood that lives in the mangrove mud. See: jorra a recurring partial found in jorrnyjurra high ground, an-jorra coral, and other words; an-jorra coral spelled an-mugaparru -- unsure at what level this vowel metathesis occurred. Category: molluscs.

ana-jurka   n. {fish}common name for smaller marine forktailed catfish; the Smaller=Salmon=Catfish.Paradigm: an-. Variant: (M) Jowunga. Arius graefei. See: jin-guburta Giant Salmon Catfish; jina-minyjangana; mu-larli Salmon Catfish (Gun-nartpa/Martay); joba Small-mouthed Catfish. Category: fish.

Ana-marlaka   proper n. a place east of the Blyth River in Mu-rrawurrpa Tribe country.Paradigm: gun-. Category: places.

ana-marlpamba   n. a type of shellfish known as Pen=Shell; a thin-shelled, wedge-shaped mussel which comes to a point at one end; the shell is translucent and of brown and neutral colour.Paradigm: an-. Pinna bicolor (Pinnidae). Synonym: mu-ralkarra, wakwak which are also words for crow. Category: molluscs.

Ana-mayarra   proper n. a place on the coast west of the Blyth River between Berraja and Navy Landing.Paradigm: gun-. Category: places.

ana-mernda   n. a type of shellfish long and thin in shape, with little arms projecting out; it is edible, i.e. people used to eat it.Paradigm: an-. Ana-mernda gun-gurrema gu-balkaja. The ana-mernda shellfish sticks to the rocks. See: mernda arm. Category: molluscs.

ana-mernda   n. in/at/on the creek. See main entry: an-mernda.

ana-mugamuga   n. several species of poisonous marine fishes; common name for toadfishes or puffers and porcupinefishes.Paradigm: an-. Ana-mugamuga: minypa jichicha, wurra gala ana-nga a-bangarna a-workiyarna; gala yapa a-juwiyarna. An- gujuwa. Toadfish: it's like a fish, but nobody eats it, lest he die. It is poisonous. Ana-mugamuga gu-bugula ay-rrima, lika ay-jarrkarra, a-durtcha a-bamba. If we grab a toadfish in the water, then lift it up, it will puff up. Category: fish.

ana-mugulungga   n. full moon; phase of moon just after full moon.Paradigm: an-. Generic: ran.gu, an-jirderda. A-lay, ana-mugulungga a-ni. Hey, it is full moon! Category: moon.

ana-mula an-nika   n. two types of shellfish, both known as Creepers{Creeper=(shellfish)}, though the large one is also known as a Mud=Whelk.Paradigm: an-. Clypeomorus dorsuosus (Cerithiidae); Terebralia pelustris (Potamididae). Category: molluscs.

Ana-mulerra   proper n. a place near the Balpanarra/Balpilja Swamp.Paradigm: gun-. Synonym: Mu-guluwarr. Category: places.

ana-munya   temp. night.Paradigm: occurs alone, or in st. clause with ni be (sitting). Ana-munya gu-ni. It (time) was night. gun-nardiya ana-munya barra tonight (future). See: an-munya darkness. Category: times.

ana-munyagaba   temp. early morning before sunrise. Ana-munyagaba burdacha a-weya a-workiya. In the early morning the birds speak all the time. See: ana-munya night; gaba there out of sight. Synonym: ngulamngulam. See: ngulam early morning at sunrise; ngulamgaba morning. Category: times.

ana-murdapurda   n. a type of univalve shellfish known as the Turban=Shell.Paradigm: an-. Lunella cinerea (Turbinidae). Category: molluscs.

ana-murna   n. {fish}several species of rays; Brown=Stingaree; Round=Skate; Brown=Stingray; Cowtail=Stingray.Paradigm: an-. Urulophus westraliensis; Irolata waitii; Dasyatis annotatus; D. sephen. Synonym: an-maka Cowtail Stingray and common name gave the name an-maka for Cowtail Stingray, which Tommy F. says is group name; Nym Marnalpuy says ##62-64 all yuluk and ana-murna. Category: fish.

Ana-nganandak   proper n. a place east of Maningrida, near Ji-bena.Paradigm: gun-. Category: places.

ana-wargara   n. specifically cuttlebone; generically, sea=material, which includes sponges and volcanic pumice; the cuttlebone and sponge are both used as a scrubber to wash things (something learned from the Maccassans).Paradigm: an-. Sepia smithi (Sepiidae). Specific: ana-wargara an-nyarlkuch sponge; ana-wargara an-derta volcanic pumice. See: an-jorra coral. Category: molluscs.

ana-wargara an-derta   n. phr. volcanic pumice.Paradigm: an-. Generic: ana-wargara. Category: implements.

ana-wargara an-nyarlkuch   n. sponge.Paradigm: an-. Phylum Porifera. Generic: ana-wargara. An-nyarlkuch an-guyinda a-menga ana-wargara, minypa gu-balanda "sponge".... He got a soft kind of sponge, like in English "sponge".... Category: sponges, implements.

ana-wukamba   n. several species of marine fishes; common name for threadfin-breams with red colouring.Paradigm: an-. Variant: (M) Yirrchinga. Nemipterus spp.. Category: fish.

an-bachirra   n., descriptives. policeman. See main entry: -bachirra. Category: vocations.

an-bala   n. knuckle. Variant: (D) Martay. Paradigm: an-. Generic: -mama bone. An-bala a-weya arrkula a-workiya. Our knuckles always crack. (Lit: knuckle it-speaks to-us-dl it-habitually). Category: body parts.

an-balakul   n. a tree; a medium-tall, single-stemmed, monsoon forest palm; the core of the stem of the young plants, which are eaten raw (the central growing shoot and fruit of taller plants are not eaten).Paradigm: an-. Hydriastele wendlandiana (?). An-balakul raman a-rrimanga. Abu-gorndanga aburr-workiya, abu-gurderrburda, abu-wirrknga abu-mangga, rrapa wupa ana-gochila balaja mbi-mangga aburr-workiya, abu-banga. The an-balakul palm has a cotton-wool-like substance. They cut it (young plant) all the time, they peel (the stem), they get the cotton wool like substance by scraping it off, and from the middle they get food all the time and eat it. An-balakul a-bamburdapa an-delipa wupa nyibu-gorndanga, nyibu-banga nyiburr-workiya minypa an-jardarrk. Ana-bamburda, an-nerranga ana-beya an-baykarda. An-gata an-burral nipa gu-lawun rrapa mukumul a-banga jiny-yorkiya; an-delipa wupa balaja nyibu-banga. The an-balakul palm grows and only when it's still small we cut it, we eat (the core of the stem) all the time like the central growing shoot of taller palms. The an-balakul palms grow, (and) some come out tall. That fruit, the brown pigeon and the white pigeon eat it all the time; only from the small tree do we eat food. An-balakul gala nyibi-yalpa nyiburr-workiya barra a-jirra. Wurra nyibu-gurderrburda, lika nyibu-banga; an-gubay. The an-balakul palm we never cook the base of it, but we peel it, then we eat it; it's edible. See: an-jardarrk tall, single-stemmed palms with edible central growing shoot; bulgay; jarn.gala core of stem of young palms, which is made into thick drink. Category: plants.

an-bamarri   n. rock cod.Paradigm: an-.

1 • several species of marine fishes; common name for the less exotically coloured species of groper (also called cod, rockcod and trout), and for jawfishes and stargazers{stargazer=(fishes)}. An-bamarri jichicha gu-gurrema a-jirra a-workiya, an-mola, an-gubay. The cod is a fish that stays by the rocks, a good one, an edible one. See: martpuna more exotically coloured species of groper.

2 • several species of croakers{croaker=(fishes)}; the Black=Jew, Orange=Croaker, Coitor=Croaker, Green-backed=Croaker, Little=Jewfish and Beach=Salmon. Protonibea diacanthus; Argyrosomus sp.; Johnius coitor; J. amblycephalus; J. vogleri; Leptobrama mulleri;. Category: fish.

an-bambula   n. several species of marine fishes; common name for perchlets; the Deepsea=Jewfish and Threadfin=Pearl-Perch; common name for many cardinalfishes. Variant: (D) An-barra. Paradigm: an-. Variant: (M) Yirrchinga. Ambassis spp.; Gloucosoma spp.; Apogon spp., Rhabdamia spp., Archamia spp.. Synonym: nachirrka, ganyjina perchlets ( Gun-nartpa); borndolk cardinalfishes. Category: fish.

an-bambula   n. a type of shellfish; a mussel, a commonly gathered clam found in the mangrove mud and characteristically coated with coralline growth and stained partly black.Paradigm: an-. Polymesoda coaxans (Corbiculidae). See: -bombula unknowing; ignorant. Category: molluscs.

an-bambula   n. kneecap, which is analogous in shape to the an-bambula clam.Paradigm: an-. an-bambula niya his kneecap. an-bambula ngacha her kneecap. See: an-bambula type of clam found in mangroves. Category: body parts.

an-banda   n. jutted out chin.Paradigm: an-. See main entry: an-banda bay bite lower lip and jut out chin. See: banda lower leg. Category: body parts.

an-banda bay   t. clause. bite=lower=lip=and=jut=out=chin{jut=out=chin} in threatening attitude.Paradigm: usually occurs with dat. prn. in agreement with the target of the threatening attitude. an-banda abu-barra nula they jutted out the chin at him in threatening attitude. See: bay eat; bite.

An-barra   proper n. a regional tribe at the mouth of the Blyth River, which speaks the Gun-narta dialect. See: barra mouth of river. Category: clans.

an-barra   n. mouth=of=river.Paradigm: an-. Generic: an-gartcha river. ana-barra aburr-nirra the people that live at the base of the river. See: barra lower back; base (also in different grammatical context mouth of river); an-jawa upper main part of river; an-mernda creek. Category: rivers.

an-bima   n. ridgepole.Paradigm: an-. See: bima back.

an-bongarra   n. upright post of house (originally always forked). Variant: (D) Martay. Paradigm: an-. Synonym: an-bulolagan (Gun-nartpa), an-gelama. See: bongarra inner ear; -bongarrowa deaf, stupid.

an-bucha   n. louse; louse=egg.Paradigm: an-. See: bucha- body. Synonym: dalmurk (Martay) louse; an-menggarra (Martay) louse egg. Category: insects.

an-bulabinya   n. three species of marine fishes; threadfins: Gunthers=Threadfin, Black-finned=Threadfin and Giant=Threadfin.Paradigm: an-. Variant: (M) Yirrchinga. Polydactylus multiradiatus; P. nigripinnis; Eleutheronema tetradactylum. Category: fish.

an-bulolagan   n. upright post of a house. Variant: (D) Gun-nartpa. Paradigm: an-. Synonym: an-bongarra (Martay), an-gelama forked pole.

an-bural   n. several species of marine fishes; common name for herring and herring-like fishes.Paradigm: an-. Specific: an-guwirrpiya Giant Herring; Bonefish; an-guwirrpiya an-murrirra Milkfish; nyarlknyarlk Oxeye Herring; Banded Ilisha; Ditchelee; Hamiltons Anchovy; jin-gombaykarda, jina-gulajirra Wolf Herring; ngarrawu. Category: fish.

an-burey   n. long, wooden handle, as of axe, hammer, tiller, etc.Paradigm: an-. An-burey: minypa gun-jong gu-mangga a-workiya rrapa gu-jarrchinga a-boya, lika galamang a-mangga, an-burey a-wucha. Handle, like he gets a stick and carves it, then gets an axe (head), and gives it a handle. Category: implements.

an-dakal   n. war.Paradigm: an-. an-dakal a-bena war came. an-dakal a-jerrmarra burrwa, burrbu-buna he send war to them, (the warriors) killed them. bunggawa an-gata burr-ganyja a-workiya an-dakal that military leader. See: rrakal white pipe clay (the warriors paint themselves with white pipe clay before attacking, which serves to sort out the two sides).

an-darrbaykarda   n. lightning; thunderstorm; lightning spirit. Variant: (D) Gun-nartpa. Paradigm: an-. An-darrbaykarda a-mirlchinga a-workiya, lika a-durrjinga. The lightning flashes all the time, then it thunders. Synonym: maykarran (Martay).

An-darrbaykarda Ana-ngana   proper n. a place on the lower Cadell River.Paradigm: gun-. Category: places.

an-dembarela a-maya   n. a type of shellfish; two species of clams{mussel}.Paradigm: an-. Semele carnicolor; Semele jukesii (Semelidae) [both]. Category: molluscs.

an-demburela   n. a type of shellfish; a mussel.Paradigm: an-. Category: molluscs.

an-dirrbula   p. a type of shellfish; a mussel.Paradigm: an-. Fulvia australe (Cardiidae) identified by Dr. R.C. Willan, N.T. Museum for CC. Category: molluscs.

An-gapmarlaja   proper n. patrilineal clan name from Ji-barlbarl. Variant: (M) Yirrchinga. Category: clans.

an-garlajawurrga   n. a type of shellfish; a cockle; Ark=Shell.Paradigm: an-. Anadara granosa (Arcidae). See: garla flesh; jawurrga head. Category: molluscs.

an-garra   n. a medium-large tree which has a very small red-brown fruit and sometimes has buttresses at it's base; Carallia.Paradigm: an-. Carallia brachiata. See: garra put vertically (possibly here with reference to buttresses). Category: plants, foods, fruits.

an-gartcha   n. river (generic).Paradigm: an-; more often than not the descr. prefix is replaced with the acc. prefix ana-. Specific: an-mernda creek, an-barra mouth of river (lit. base of river), an-jawa upper main part of river (lit. throat). An-guna a-yinmiyana ana-jurrwurra ana-bamuna an-gartcha wana? How did this (man) cross the big river? Ngaypa ngu-jurrwurra ana-gartcha, gu-gapa gu-rrarnba galang ngu-yerrnyjinga ngu-ni. I crossed over the river, (and) fished from the other side. ana-gartcha mernda a-jirra arm of the river (creek). See: gartcha be stuck. Category: rivers.

an-gelama   n. several types of shellfish, conical in shape, rough, rather than smooth, and distinguished by the mun-jakarn scar which spirals up the shell leaving rounded bumps at uniform intervals.Paradigm: an-. See: gelama ear also gave the name ana-jirralanggula to #62). Category: molluscs.

an-gelama   n. forked=pole; upright post of house (originally always forked).Paradigm: an-. See: gelama ear (the branches of the forked pole analogous to ears sticking out). Synonym: an-bongarra, an-bulolagan.

an-girdabortchok   n. two species of birds; White-browed=Crake; Bush=Hen. Variant: (D) Gun-nartpa. Paradigm: an-. Synonym: an-gujirrburrartcha (Martay). Category: birds.

an-giya   n. calf=muscle.Paradigm: an-. an-giya ngapa my calf muscle. See: -giya; giya egg. Category: body parts.

an-goma a-rrimarrmiya   i. clause. have a "free for all" fight; brawl, everybody intercepting each others attackers. See main entry: rrimarrmiya restrain selves, i.e. restrain one another (collective plural only).

an-gorrmol   n. newly circumcised initiate, still in initiation process and not yet healed.Paradigm: an-. See: gorrmol newly circumcised; an-japi young boy initiate in preparation stage; an-jawurlpa; an- majija circumcised and fully initiated man. Category: status.

an-gubamartalja   n. a type of snake; Northern Death=Adder.Paradigm: an-. Acanthophis praelongus. See: bama head. Category: reptiles.

an-gubarrngarlcha   n. bush turnip.Paradigm: an-. See: barra rear end; ngarlcha become white. Category: plants, foods, tubers.

an-gubarrngarlcha ni   i. st. pred. phr. menstruate. Mu-mardapmarda yerrcha abirriny-mangga, an- gubarrngarlcha abirrinyu-nirra. Young girls get it, they menstruate. Synonym: joya ni. See: ni be sitting; an-gubarrngarlcha bush turnip.

an-gugalambicha   n. palm bark container. See main entry: -gugalambicha.

an-gugapaja   n. {fish}common name for goby, large or small; two species of large freshwater gobies: the Golden=Goby and the Flathead=Goby. Variant: (D) Gun-nartpa. Paradigm: an-. Glossogobius aureus; G. giuris. Synonym: an-mungorrk large goby; dombu small goby (both An-barra, Martay). See: gapaja dig. Category: fish.

an-gugapalgarriya   n. instigator=of=ceremony; the one who calls for a ceremony to be held.Paradigm: an-. An-gugapalgarriya burr-yika jawina jama aburr-ji, an-japi abi-rrimarra. The friends of the instigator of the ceremony did the work (and) grabbed the young boy for initiation. Synonym: janara an-gurrimapa, murna an-gujuwa. Category: ceremonies, status.

an-gugelamagonyinyjiya   n. Frilled=Lizard, sometimes called Blanket=Lizard.Paradigm: an-. Chlamydosaurus kingii. Synonym: murrurderda, ngalkanyja, an-gurreymagonyinyjiya. Category: reptiles.

an-gugunggaja joborr   n. phr. lawyer. Category: vocations.

an-gugurkuja   n. dingo; wild=dog (in the sense of the dingo being afraid and running away from people all the time). Variant: (D) An-barra. Paradigm: an-. Variant: (M) Yirrchinga. Canis familiaris. See: gurkuja be frightened; -gugurkuja fearful one. Synonym: an-mugat (Martay), an-muworduk (Gun-nartpa). See: gulukula; wartunga dog (generic), camp dog; -mugarla belonging to the bush. Category: mammals.

an-gujaparndiya   n. clapping=sticks made of smooth hardwood, about 30 to 40 cm. long, round or oval cross section.Paradigm: an-. See: japarndiya sing. Synonym: an-gurronggolja. Category: implements, ceremonies.

an-gujarrcha   n. knife.Paradigm: an-. See: jarrcha slice off. Category: implements.

an-gujawiya   n. a type of shellfish, large and small, ovoid in shape with little teeth-like extensions at the top, known as Volutes, and having big meat. The "baby one's" are described as having their own little protective "dillybag" as they float in the water.Paradigm: an-. Melo umbilicatus; Melo amphora (Volutidae) [both]. Category: molluscs.

an-gujechiya   n. fishtrap, which is secured in a fence across a creek.paradigm: an-. an-gata an-gujechiya jichicha a-gartchinga a-workiya that fishtrap, fish always get caught in it. See: mun-dirra (Gun-narta) fence for fishtrap; barra bu fence off creek. Category: fish, trapping, implements.

an-gujijimiya   n. generic for whistling-duck, specifically the Wandering Whistling-Duck and the Plumed Whistling-Duck.Paradigm: an-. Dendrocygna arcuata; Dendrocygna eytoni. Synonym: muy-mengorla literally is in the bamboo, but later without context this was not known. Category: birds.

an-gujirrburrartcha   n. two species of birds; White-browed=Crake; Bush=Hen. Variant: (D) Martay. Paradigm: an-. Synonym: an-girdabortchok (Gun-nartpa). Category: birds.

an-gulapkujama   n. key, or some other tool=for=opening something.Paradigm: an-. an-gulapkujama minypa gi ngaypa ngu-rrimanga the tool for opening, like the key, I have it. See: lapkujama open. Synonym: gi (English). Category: implements.

an-gulol   n. nose mucous.Paradigm: an-. Synonym: gunyurra. See: gun-gulol eye mucous; gu-dalgurdal pus, as from a sore. Category: body products.

an-gunerna   n. several species of shellfishes, all of a spiraled tear-drop shape, including one known as the Dog=Whelk. The Littorina scabra is lightweight and lives in the ana-bewarna and mun-gubolja trees; the Clypeomorus dorsuosus lives under the rocks with it's tail sticking out.Paradigm: an-. Littorina scabra (Littorinidae); Clypeomorus dorsuosus (Cerithiidae); Zeuxis dorsatus (Nassariidae); Ancillista cingulata (Olividae). Synonym: marrchila bima a-rrimarra totem name for both an-gunerna and ana-gurarrga. Category: molluscs.

an-gungarda   n. part of the bees=nest where the eggs and young bees are.Paradigm: an-. See: -gungarda; gu-ngarda child; woma bee; honey. Category: insects.

an-gungarrcha   n. a type of bird, a cockatoo; Sulphur-crested=Cockatoo, which has a very loud raucous screech, saying "ngerrk ngerrk", and a distinctive flight (flap, flap, glide).Paradigm: an-. Variant: (M) Jowunga. See: ngalalak Little Corella; banggurarrk Red-tailed Black Cockatoo. Category: birds, parrots.

an-gurdonggolja   n. clapping=sticks made of smooth hardwood.Paradigm: an-. See: golja challenge to fight; possibly; rro burn. Synonym: an-gujaparndiya. Category: implements, ceremonies.

an-gurljuraba   n. a small, sharp-shelled oyster.Paradigm: an-. Crassostrea cucullata (Ostreidae). See: namura medium-small, white oyster (one species of which has the same scientific name); wayanaka large, black oyster (also has the same scientific name). Category: molluscs.

an-gurreymagonyinyjiya   n. Blanket=lizard; Frilled-neck=Lizard.Paradigm: an-. Chlamydosaurus kingii. See: rreyma temple on side of head; gonyinyjiya cover self. Synonym: an-gugelamagonyinyjiya, murrurderda, ngalkanyja. Category: reptiles.

an-gurrorlpa   n. termite; coachwhip stingray.Paradigm: an-.

1 • termite; white=ant. Morliya a-garrmunga, an-giya a-girrburda a-workiya an-gurrorlpa. (When the termite) digs mud up for an anthill, he lays eggs all the time.

2 • two species of marine fishes, rays; the Coachwhip=Stingray and the Spotted=Coachwhip=Stingray. Himantura warnak; H. toshi. See: jin-gurrorlpa red or black ant; muya green ant or fly; bojokpojok tiny brown ant. Category: insects, fish.

an-guwirrja   n. Varied=Lorikeet.Paradigm: an-. Psittueteles versicolor. Generic: garlarrk Red-collared Lorikeet; also generic for non-crested parrots. See: garnbalach feathers of Red-collored Lorikeet or Varied Lorikeet. Category: birds, parrots.

an-guwirrja an-mujirrkama   n. phr. a type of bird, a rosella; Northern=Rosella.Paradigm: an-. Platycercus venustus. Generic: garlarrk Red-collared Lorikeet; also generic for non-crested parrots. See: an-guwirrja Varied Lorikeet Parrot Book; Nym Marnalpuy just says an-guwirrja. The Northern Rosella is the only rosella shown to be in coastal N.T.. Category: birds, parrots.

an-guwirrpiya   n. two species of herring or herring-like marine fishes: Giant=Herring; Bonefish.Paradigm: an-. Variant: (M) Yirrchinga. Elops hawaiiensis; Albula neoguinaica. Generic: an-bural. Category: fish.

an-guwirrpiya an-murrirra   n. a species of marine fish, a herring which gets caught in fishtrap built across a creek; the Milkfish.Paradigm: an-. Chanos chanos. Generic: an-bural. Category: fish.

an-guwolawoliya   n. scrotum.Paradigm: an-. See: merrila testes. Category: body parts.

an-jalabaykarda   n. a type of salt water, univalve shellfish; the Trumpet Shell.Paradigm: an-. Volema cochlidium (Melongenidae). See: -baykarda long; tall. Category: molluscs.

an-japi   n. young boy initiate in ceremonial preparation stage; circumcision=candidate (usually 9-12 yrs old).Paradigm: an-. See: japi in ceremonial preparation stage for circumcision; jawirt; an-gorrmol newly circumcised initiate; an-jawurlpa; an- majija fully initiated, circumcised and healed. Category: status.

an-jardarrk   n. {tree}any tall, slender, single-stemmed palm with edible central growing shoot; especially of this central growing shoot, which is called the "neck" of the tree.Paradigm: an-. Carpentaria acuminata; Gronophyllum ramsayi; Livistona benthamii; L. humilis; L. inermis. An-jardarrk ngardapa; jorrnyjurra a-jirra a-workiya, wurrparn m-banga jiny-yorkiya "black one". An-baykarda, lika balaja mu-rrimanga. The an-jardarrk palm is separate (kind of palm from the an-balakul palm); it stands on higher ground all the time, (and) the emu eats the black (fruit) all the time. When it's a tall tree, then it has fruit. An-jardarrk nyibu-gorndanga nyiburr-workiya manyjirda a-jirra, lika nyibu-gurderrburda, nyibu-banga; an-gubay. We cut the neck of the single-stemmed, inland palm all the time, then we peel it, we eat it; it's edible. gubi-rrimarra aburr-murna an-jardarrk mernda a-jirra they had palm branches in their hands. See: bulgay; jarn.gala core of stem of young palms, which is made into thick drink; an-balakul monsoon forest palm of which the core of the stem of the young plants is eaten raw out, thinking of foods supplied rather than species; in their hands illus from Borr.7:9. Category: plants.

an-jarral   n. old=man, a term of respect used in addressing a man, or in referring to a man whose identity is understood; also in addressing small boys affectionately.Paradigm: an-. See: jarral whiskers. Antonym: yawarriny young man; delipa child. Category: status.

an-jawa   n. upper main part of river.Paradigm: an-. Generic: an-gartcha river. ana-jawa aburr-nirra the people that live on the river [Note acc. prefix replacing descr. prefix in ana-jawa.] See: jawa throat; voice (also upper main part of river in different grammatical construction); an-mernda creek; an-barra; mouth of river (lit. base of river). Category: rivers.

an-jawurlpa   n. circumcised man; full initiate.Paradigm: an-. See: jawurlpa fully initiated. Synonym: an-majija. See: an-japi young boy initiate in preparation stage; jawirt; an-gorrmol newly circumcised initiate. Category: status.

an-jichirronggolja   n. two species of skink; Brown=Four-fingered=Skink; Striped=Skink; Major=Skink.Paradigm: an-. Carlia fusca; Ctenotus robustus; Egernia frerei. An-jichirronggolja a-rriknga a-workiya gu-werrpa gu-werrpa. The Brown Four-fingered Skink crawls around all the time anywhere. Category: reptiles.

an-jingambirr   n. a type of tree that grows near the beach and has an edible fruit; Rotten=Cheesefruit.Paradigm: an-. Morinda citrifolia. Category: plants.

an-jirderda   n. common name for moon, all phases.Paradigm: an-. Specific: ana-gorla half moon, neap tide; ana-mugulungga full moon; bukulul waning moon 3rd quarter; gombula a-juwa, rreyma a-lopchinga waning moon; ran.gu an-gorla waning half moon; rreyma a-yu new moon; waykin gu-rra 1st quarter phase of moon. Nuwurra abirri-jirrapa an-ngardapa an-jirderda, lika jina-jekarra gu-yigipa rrawa. After three months, then she returned to her country. Synonym: ran.gu. Category: moon.

an-jiwirrgiya   n. a type of shellfish; a mussel which is elongated and has an arc less pronounced than that of Ark Shells.Paradigm: an-. Modiolus ligneus (Mytilidae). Category: molluscs.

an-jorra   n. all species of coral.Paradigm: an-. Goniopora sp.; Porites sp. (Poritidae) [both]; Tubipora musica (Tubiporidae). An-jorra, nipa an-derta mala. Coral is very hard. Generic: jandarra stone. See: jorra (recurring partial found in jorrnyjurra high ground, jorrnyja take out of water). Synonym: burija (from English word razor). See: ana-jorra a type of shellfish that sticks to the rocks; ana-wargara sponge identification by Dr. R.C. Willan, N.T. Museum. Category: coral.

an-junggupur   n. pandanus=trunk of the two species which are not aquatic; used to make beds and tables.Paradigm: an-. See: gun-menama two species of pandanus. Category: plants.

an-majija   n. circumcised man; full initiate.Paradigm: an-. Synonym: an-jawurlpa. See: jawirt; an-gorrmol newly circumcised inititate; an-japi young boy initiate in preparation stage. Category: status.

an-maka   n. a common name for stingrays{fish; ray}, including the Cowtail=Stingray and possibly the Black=Stingray and Rat-tailed=Ray.Paradigm: an-. Dasyatis sephen; Gymnura australis (?); Urolophus flavomosaicus (?). Synonym: ana-murna several rays, including Cowtail Pat Gamanangga described three Þ white spots on orange (possibly #68); lighter grey with white spots (possibly #62); darker grey and small to medium size (possibly #63). Category: fish.

an-marlpa   n. falling=star; meteor (believed to be a spirit, a malevolent=spirit that sucks blood and takes away souls of the dead).Paradigm: an-. Synonym: nomarrarta (Gunwinggu). Category: spirits, stars.

an-menggarra   n. louse=egg.Paradigm: an-. Synonym: an-bucha (Gun-nartpa) louse; louse egg. See: dalmurk (Martay) louse. Category: insects.

an-mernda   n. creek.Paradigm: an-. Generic: an-gartcha river. ana-mernda at/in/on the creek [Note acc. prefix. replacing descr. prefix.] See: mernda arm (also creek in different grammatical construction); an-jawa upper main part of river; an-barra mouth of river (lit. base of river). Category: rivers.

An-mipila A-yurrapa   proper n. a place along the road north of Balpanarra/Balpilja Swamp.Paradigm: gun-. Category: places.

an-mugarla   n. dingo; wild=dog. Variant: (D) Gun-nartpa. Paradigm: an-. Variant: (M) Yirrchinga. Canis familiaris. See: -mugarla belonging to the bush, in the jungle. Synonym: an-gugurkuja (An-barra); an-mugat (Martay), an-muworduk (Gun-nartpa). Category: mammals.

an-mugat   n. wild animal (an- class); dingo; wild=dog. Variant: (D) Martay. Paradigm: an-. Variant: (M) Yirrchinga. Canis familiaris. See: -mugat wild animal or beast. Synonym: an-gugurkuja (An-barra); an-muworduk, an-mugarla (Gun-nartpa). See: gulukula; wartunga dog (generic); camp dog. Category: mammals.

an-mugirrirta   n. Rainbow=Bee-eater. Variant: (D) Gun-nartpa; an-mugirrirtawuya. Paradigm: an-. Merops ornatus. See: gurrurta neighbourliness. Category: birds, bee-eaters.

an-mugurrnga   n. type of cocoon which hangs in a tree and the little hairs on it can fall down on people and make them itch all over.Paradigm: an-. See: gurrnga type of yam; dapalany caterpillar (generic). Category: insects.

an-mujaruk   n. messenger.Paradigm: an-. See: jaruk story, message. Category: vocations.

an-mujerijerija   n. two species of bird, one that walks on floating plants, the Comb-crested=Jacana; also the Black-winged=Stilt.Paradigm: an-. Irediparra gallinacea; Himantopus himantopus. Category: birds.

An-mula A-jirrapa   proper n. a place east of Balpanarra/Balpilja Swamp (?) or a place along the road north of Balpanarra Swamp (?)Paradigm: gun-. Category: places.

an-mungorrk   n. {fish}common name for large marine goby, mudskipper or gudgeon; two species of large freshwater gobies, Golden=Goby and Flathead=Goby. Variant: (D) An-barra; Martay. Paradigm: an-. (freshwater) Glossogobius aureus; G. giuris. Synonym: an-gugapaja (large or small -- Gun-nartpa). See: dombu small goby or mudskipper. Category: fish.

an-munya   n. darkness.Paradigm: an-. An-munya a-buna arrkula. It became dark on us (incl. dl.) See: ana-munya night.

an-munya a-bu   t. clause. become dark. See main entry: -munya darkness or bu hit, propagate.

an-muragalk   n. sorcerer, believed to insert fatal sharp thing into peoples throats and suck blood from them while they sleep; vampire; killer; murderer.Paradigm: an-. An-muragalk ana-munya a-rrigirrgnga a-workiya, rrapa minypa mu-galk a-rracha a-workiya an-gugaliya. A sorcerer goes about at night all the time, and like he spears a person all the time with a little sharp sorcery needle. An-muragalk a-bamburda, a-rracha a-workiya an-gugaliya, murna a-balkiya a-workiya maningan, lika nipa murrpa a-jirra a-ngimiya a-workiya, minypa a-ngurrjiya a-workiya an-bachirra. When a sorcerer/murderer goes along and spears a man all the time, the blood always sticks to his hands, then he paints his chest with it all the time, like he's telling about himself that he is savage. See: ragalk needle-like instrument believed to be inserted into throat.

an-murnabama   n. type of snake; King=Brown=Snake.Paradigm: an-. Variant: (M) Jowunga. Generic: jarn.gich poison snake (especially King Brown). See: -murna big; bama head; marnnga jin-deymulaganyja Taipan; Western Brown Snake. Category: reptiles.

an-murnajapurra   n. {fish}a freshwater eel, the Swamp=Eel, also known as Single-gilled=Eel.Paradigm: an-. Ophisternon gutturale. Category: fish.

an-muworduk   n. dingo; wild=dog. Variant: (D) Gun-nartpa. Paradigm: an-. Variant: (M) Yirrchinga. Canis familiaris. Synonym: an-gugurkuja (An-barra), an-mugat (Martay), an-mugarla (Gun-nartpa). See: gulukula; wartunga dog (generic), camp dog. Category: mammals.

an-muyuku   n. harpoon made of strong heavy wire; used for saltwater turtle, and in the past for crocodile. Variant: (D) Martay. Paradigm: an-. Synonym: bakala. Category: implements.

-anngiya   indeter., descr. whatchamacallit; what's-it's-name. ...nipa minypa an-anngiya, layan. ...he's like a whatchamacallit, a lion. Ganapiya, lika gun-jong ngu-menga, gun-anngiya, gun-gungunyangunyjiya nula, makim gun-gunega. Finish, then I got a stick, a whatchamacallit, a thing for measuring, a thing for marking (i.e. a ruler or measuring rod). See: an-nga what (an- class generic usage); -ya realis.

An-nguliny   proper n. patrilineal clan name from Gochan Jiny-jirra. Variant: (M) Yirrchinga. Category: clans.

-an.gaya   indeter. which=one.Paradigm: prefixed as descr.; sg. only. nipa jal a-ni a-nacharna an-an.gaya bunggawa he wanted to (but) didn't see which one was the boss. Gun-an.gaya wana? Which is the big/important one? See: an- (an- class descr.prefix); -gaya wherever; yina gaya; yina -gaya where?.

anya   kin term. father, or reciprocally by a father, son.Paradigm: vocative: unaffixed; nominative: occurs with nguna- my (male relative). Anya! Father!/Son! ngun-anya my father [Note the a of the prefix is lost preceding the a of the stem.] Synonym: nyinya your daddy; nyanyapa father (to someone). Category: kin.

ap   n. [Note: the Burarra equivalent -werranga is a descr.]. half. Ap a-balcha a-yu gu-belabila gun-gata minypa ji-marnnga a-rrana, a-lalarrjinga a-bona. Half (of the dead body after the other part had been eaten) was up high on a platform there where the sun speared it and it was drying out. From: English half. Synonym: -werranga other, some.

apa   poss. prn. in kin relationship to me; i.e. related=to me. worlapa apa sibling to me (brother or sister). an-ngaypa nyanyapa apa nyirri-ni my father and I can be (together). See: ngaypa; apula; ngapa nom., dat. and caus. forms. Category: pronouns-poss..

apula   poss. dat. to/for/at me.Paradigm: optionally takes the suffix -wa specific, which adds focus to dat.prns. [Note that the final vowel of the stem changes to u when suffixed by -wa specific.]. a-wena apula he spoke to me. Jichicha ana-ganyja apuluwa. He brought fish specially for me. See: ngaypa; apa; ngapa nom., poss. and caus. forms. Category: pronouns-dat..

apuluwa   dat. prn. Minimal 1st pers. excl. dat. See main entry: apula.

arda   dem. descr. (contraction of the form an-narda). that one (an- class) near/known to you. See main entry: -narda.

arr-   prefix. 1st pers.Included minimal (you & I).Paradigm: t. and i.v.; descr., acc..

1 • we; that is, you and I as subject of i.v., or as a descriptive prefix. arr-boy let's you and I go. ngarripa arr-guna arr-bomang you and I here are ignorant (concerning the matter). ngarripa arr-gugaliya you and I Aboriginal people.

2 • he/she/it acting upon us incl. dl. or pl. gala yapa nipa arr-bun ngarripa lest he probably hit you and me. gala yapa nipa arr-bun ngayburrpa lest he probably hit us more than three.

3 • I acting upon you three or more. burraya ngaypa arr-gurdagurdarra soon I could show you all.

4 • in, on, by means of our..., as of something inalienably possessed by you and I (e.g. body parts). ngarripa arr-murna ay-rrimarra janguny you and I held the story in our hands (openly sharing it). Category: prefixes-verbal, descriptives, prefixes-accompaniment.

a-rrachu   n. a type of jellyfish; the Blue=Bottle.Paradigm: an-. See: girlirla; jina-balpalma Box Jellyfish. Category: fish, jellyfish.

arrbi-   prefix. Included (1st) pers. acting upon 3rd pers. dl. or pl.; or 3rd pers. dl. or pl. acting upon Included pers. See main entry: arrbu-.

arrbu-   prefix. we incl. acting upon them; they acting upon us incl.Paradigm: t.v.. ngarripa arrbu-wu barra bitipa mbirri-bay you and I will give to them so they two can eat it (food). gala yapa birripa arrbu-bun lest they (three or more) hit us. Category: prefixes-verbal.

arrburra   poss. prn. in kin relationship to us; i.e. related=to us incl. more than three, or to us excl. more than two. ngayburrpa nguburr-guna an-ngayburrpa nyanyapa arrburra we here incl. ours father to us. ngayburrpa nyiburr-guna an-ngayburrpa nyanyapa arrburra we here excl. ours father to us. See: ngayburrpa; arrburrwa; ngarrburra nom., dat. and caus. forms. Category: pronouns-poss..

arrburrwa   dat. prn. to/for/at us more than three incl. or us more than two excl. nipa a-wena arrburrwa ngayburrpa nguburr-guna he spoke to us incl. here. nipa a-wena arrburrwa ngayburrpa nyiburr-guna he spoke to us excl. here. See: -wa specific to (obligatory and considered part of the stem for Augmented (pl.) dat. prns.); ngayburrpa; arrburra; ngarrburra nom., poss. and caus. forms. Category: pronouns-dat..

arr-gucha   kin term. said by a man: daughter's=daughter!; said by a man or woman: brother's=daughter's=daughter!, or mother's=father's=sister!{grandaughter; grandfather's=sister}.Paradigm: vocative. Synonym: arr-gujapa (nominative), mamam (Gun-nartpa-Guninggu). See: jamcha mothers brothers son/daughter; jaminya mans daughters son; brothers daughters son; mothers father. Category: kin.

arr-gujapa   kin term. man's daughter's=daughter; woman's brother's=daughter's=daughter; i.e. grandaughter; man or woman's mother's=father's=sister; i.e. maternal grandfather's=sister.Paradigm: occurs without poss., caus. prn. as your....; occurs with poss., caus. prn. in agreement with the person(s) to whom mans daughter's daughter, or womans mother's father, is related. Arr-gujapa ga achila jarl balaja! Take food quickly to your maternal grandfather's sister! arr-gujapa niya grandaughter, etc. to him. See: arr-gucha vocative.

arr-gulirrwirrka arr-murna   n. phr. ten; i.e. the fingers of two hands. Synonym: arr-jirrapa arr-murna, arr-munganaguwa arr-murna arr-weyka arr-murna. See: arr-gunapa arr-murna; arr-ngardapa arr-murna; arr-munganaguwa arr-murna five; burr-murna burr-rrepara twenty. Category: numbers.

arr-gunapa arr-murna   n. phr. five; i.e. the fingers of this hand. Synonym: arr-ngardapa arr-murna, arr-munganaguwa arr-murna. See: arr-jirrapa arr-murna; arr-gulirrwirrka arr-murna ten; arr-munganaguwa arr-murna arr-weyka arr-murna ten; burr-murna burr-rrepara twenty. Category: numbers.

arri-   prefix. Included (1st) pers. Unit Augmented (three) masc. intransitive or acting upon 3rd pers. sg.Paradigm: t. and i.v; descr., acc..

1 • we three incl. masc., as subject of i.v., or as subject of t.v. acting upon him/her/it, or as descriptive prefix. arri-boy let's us three masc. go. ngatipa arri-nana rrapa marn.gi nipa jiny-gata we three incl. masc. we saw her and know she's there. ngatipa arri-guna arri-nyagara arri-nirra we three incl. masc. here are without any. arri-mujaruk we three incl. masc. messengers.

2 • in, on, by means of our...., as of something inalienably possessed by we three incl. masc. (e.g. body parts). ngatipa arri-murna aburr-ni they stayed with the three of us. See: arriny- fem. equivalent. Category: prefixes-verbal, descriptives, prefixes-accompaniment.

arrin-   prefix. Included (1st) pers. Unit Augmented (three) fem. intransitive or acting upon 3rd pers. sg. See main entry: arriny-.

arriny-   prefix. Included (1st) pers. Unit Augmented (three) fem. intransitive or acting upon 3rd pers. sg. See main entry: arrinyu-. Usage: preceding stem initial n /rn/, l /rl/ and r, prefix-final ny becomes nyu (except in the case of ny- 2nd pers. sg. which becomes nyi-). Variant: [v2]arrin-. Usage: preceding stem initial d /rd/ and rr, prefix final ny becomes n (except in the case of jiny- 3rd pers. sg. fem. which becomes jinyu- preceding stem-initial d), and following the resultant n, stem-initial rr becomes d.Paradigm: t. and i.v; descr., acc..

1 • we three incl. fem., as subject of i.v., or subject of t.v. acting upon him/her/it, or as descriptive prefix. arriny-boy let's us three fem. go. ngarrinyjipa arrinyu-nana rrapa marn.gi nipa an-gata we three incl.fem. we saw him and know he's there. ngarrinyjipa balapala arrin-denyja we three incl.fem could visit him/her. ngarrinyjipa arriny-juna arriny-nyagara arrinyu-nirra we three incl. fem. we here are without any.

2 • in, on, by means of our..., as of something inalienably possessed by we three incl. fem. (e.g. body parts). Ngarrinyjipa arriny-murna aburr-ni barra. They will stay at our (incl. dl. fem.) place. See: arri- masc. equivalent. Category: prefixes-verbal, descriptives, prefixes-accompaniment.

arrinyja   poss. prn. in kin relationship to us, i.e. related=to us three incl. fem., or to us two excl. fem. ngarrinyjipa nyirriny-juna an-ngarrinyjipa nyanyapa arrinyja we two excl.fem. here our father to us. ngarrinyjipa arriny-juna an-ngarrinyjipa nyanyapa arrinyja we three incl.fem. here our father to us. See: ata masc. equivalent; ngarrinyjipa; arrinyjila; ngarrinyja nom.,dat. and caus. forms. Category: pronouns-poss..

arrinyjila   dat. prn. to/for/at us three incl. or us two excl. fem.Paradigm: optionally takes the suffix -wa specific, which adds focus to dat. prns.. burraya a-wengga barra arrinyjila ngarrinyjipa nyirriny-juna soon he will speak to us two excl. fem. here. burraya a-wengga barra arrinyjila ngarrinyjipa arriny-juna soon he will speak to us three incl. fem. here. Nipa nyjirriny-yuna arrinyjilawa He gave it to us two fem. excl. specifically. See: atila masc. equivalent; ngarrinyjipa; arrinyja; ngarrinyja nom., poss. and caus. forms. Category: pronouns-dat..

arrinyjilawa   dat.prn. 1st pers. Unit Augmented (we three incl. / we two excl.) fem. dat. See main entry: arrinyjila.

arrinyu-   prefix. Included (1st) pers. Unit Augmented (three) fem. intransitive or acting upon 3rd pers. sg. See main entry: arriny-.

arripurlan   n. aeroplane.Paradigm: mun-. arripurlan mu-gomarriya mu-yurra, mu-raka barra the aeroplane is circling, (and) it will land. From: English aeroplane. Category: implements.

arr-jirrapa arr-murna   n. phr. ten, the fingers of two hands. A-gonyjinga burrwa aburr-yigipa gu-galiya yerrcha aburr-gata arr-jirrapa arr-murna rrapa abirri-jirrapa, minypa 12. He called to his disciples those ten and two, like twelve. Synonym: arr-gulirrwirrka arr-murna, arr-munganaguwa arr-murna arr-weyka arr-murna. See: arr-gunapa arr-murna; arr-ngardapa arr-murna; arr-munganaguwa arr-murna five; burr-murna burr-rrepara twenty. Category: numbers.

arrku   poss.prn. in kin relationship to us, i.e. related=to you and me. nyanyapa arrku father to you and me. See: ngarripa; arrkula; ngarrku nom., dat. and caus. forms. Category: pronouns-poss..

arrkula   dat. prn. to/for/at you and me.Paradigm: optionally takes the suffix -wa specific, which adds focus to dat. prns. [Note that the final vowel of the stem changes to u when suffixed by -wa specific.]. a-wena arrkula he spoke to you and me. Jichicha ana-ga barra arrkuluwa. He will bring fish specially for you and me. See: ngarripa; arrku; ngarrku nom., poss. and caus. forms. Category: pronouns-dat..

arrkuluwa   dat. prn. 1st pers. Minimal incl. (dl.) dat. See main entry: arrkula.

arr-merndarra   n. freshwater prawn.Paradigm: jin-. Synonym: ramacha. See: wakal small saltwater prawn; jarnbulcharnbul large saltwater shrimp. Category: crustaceans.

arr-munganaguwa arr-murna   n. phr. five; i.e. the fingers of our right hand. Synonym: arr-ngardapa arr-murna, arr-gunapa arr-murna. See: arr-munganaguwa arr-murna arr-weyka arr-murna ten; arr-jirrapa arr-murna; arr-gulirrwirrka arr-murna ten; burr-murna burr-rrepara twenty. Category: numbers.

arr-munganaguwa arr-murna arr-weyka arr-murna   n. phr. ten, the fingers of our right and left hands. Synonym: arr-jirrapa arr-murna, arr-gulirrwirrka arr-murna. See: arr-ngardapa arr-murna; arr-gunapa arr-murna; arr-munganaguwa arr-murna five; burr-murna burr-rrepara twenty. Category: numbers.

arr-ngardapa arr-murna   n. phr. five, the fingers of one hand. Lika burr-ganyja gurda ay-ngunyuna aburr-gatiya minypa arr-ngardapa arr-murna rrapa abirri-jirrapa, minypa 7. Then he brought them here, those like seven. Synonym: arr-gunapa arr-murna, arr-munganaguwa arr-murna. See: arr-jirrapa arr-murna; arr-gulirrwirrka arr-murna ten; arr-munganaguwa arr-murna arr-weyka arr-murna ten; burr-murna burr-rrepara twenty. Category: numbers.

ata   poss. prn. in kin relationship to us, i.e. related=to us three incl. masc., or to us two excl. masc. ngatipa nyirri-guna an-ngatipa nyanyapa ata we two excl. masc. here our father to us. ngatipa arri-guna an-ngatipa nyanyapa ata we three incl. masc. here our father to us. See: arrinyja fem. equivalent; ngatipa; atila; ngata nom.,dat. and caus. forms. Category: pronouns-poss..

atila   dat. prn. to/for/at us three incl. or us two excl. masc.Paradigm: optionally takes the suffix -wa specific, which adds focus to dat. prns.. burraya a-wengga barra atila ngatipa nyirri-guna soon he will speak to us two excl. masc. here. burraya a-wengga barra atila ngatipa arri-guna soon he will speak to us three incl. masc. here. Nipa nyjirri-wuna atilawa He gave it to us two masc. excl. specifically. See: arrinyjila fem. equivalent; ngatipa; ata; ngata nom., poss. and caus. forms. Category: pronouns-dat..

atilawa   dat. prn. 1st pers. Unit Augmented (we three incl. / we two excl.) masc. dat. See main entry: atila.

awa   interj. indeed!; aha!; so! often with connotations of irony. "Awa! Ana-goyburrpa marr nyiburr-balcharra, gun-narda gun-delipa wupa, ya?" So! You all believe only a little bit, eh?

awirri-   prefix. 3rd pers. dl. masc. intransitive or acting upon 3rd pers. sg. an- class. See main entry: abirri-.

awirriny-   prefix. 3rd pers. dl. fem. intransitive or acting upon 3rd pers. sg. an- class. See main entry: abirriny-.

awu-   prefix. 3rd pers. pl. acting upon 3rd pers. sg. an- class. See main entry: abu-.

awurr-   prefix. 3rd pers. pl. See main entry: aburr-.

awurri-   prefix. 3rd pers. dl. masc. intransitive or acting upon 3rd pers. sg. an- class. See main entry: abirri-.

awurriny-   prefix. 3rd pers. dl. fem. intransitive or acting upon 3rd pers. sg. an- class. See main entry: abirriny-.

ay   interj. what did you say; did you say something.

ay-   prefix. away=this=side; away back this direction.Paradigm: occurs optionally on demonstratives and the indeterminate yinda where?; either ay- away this side or more usually yi- direction away there occurs obligatorily in the make-up of certain derived temporals and locatives. ...lika burr-ganyja gurda ay-ngunyuna.... ...then he brought them here away this side.... ...lika birri-ga gurda ay-ngunyunaga. ...then you two bring him here away to this place. Guwa ay-ngunyuta, rrapa ngaypa ngiy-guybuka barra.... Come here, away this side where you and I are, and I will show you.... ay-gurrepa close in this direction. aybirrich straight away back this direction. Ay-yinda ny-boya? Where are you going this side? See: yi- away there; -y- away (1st order verb prefix) been; brought illus from Mt.12:45; you two illus from Mk.11:2; come here illus from Borr.4:1. Category: prefixes-direction.

ay-   prefix complex. 3rd pers. sg. (an- class) in direction away. See main entry: a-, -y-.

ay-   prefix. we, that is you and I, acting upon him/her/it.Paradigm: t.v.. Arr-boy, ay-na. Lets you and I go (and) see him. See: a- 3rd pers. sg. masc.; -y- direction away (from subjects orientation). Category: prefixes-verbal.

aya   interj. okay; alright; I see (figurative). ...abu-gurdagurdarrana, minypa barra nipa gu-na gun-gata bala gu-jirra.... Wurra nipa a-yinanga burrwa, "Aya. Gun-narda nyibi-nacha nyiburr-nirra, ya?" ...they showed him, so he would look at that house standing there.... But he said to them, "I see. (So) that's what you're looking at, is it?"

aybirrich   temp. straight=away in this direction; immediately in this direction. Ngaypa yi-gaba ngu-boy barra shop; aybirrich nguna-jeka barra nggula. I will go away there to the shop; straight away I will come back to you. Synonym: yibirrich straight away in direction away been.

ay-garraja (+dat. prn.)   t. pred. phr. our mutual paternal son or daughter, i.e. the one we call "walkur", the one you and I established or named [Note: this is said between two who are in the same relationship to the son/daughter; it is not said between husband and wife, but between siblings.]Paradigm: ay-garraja is a fixed form in this expression, and requires the dat. prn. nula for his benefit, or achila for her benefit, in agreement with the child referred to as established or named. A-jay, ay-garraja achila jina-bamburda. Hey, our daughter we established/named for her benefit is coming. A-jay, ay-garraja nula ana-bamburda. Hey, our son we established/named for his benefit is coming. Synonym: rrirriwapa. Category: kin.

ay-gurdagurdarraja   t.v. forefinger; pointing=finger.Paradigm: fixed form for this meaning. See: gurdagurdarra show, steer; murna hand, fingers; gun-babalapa (see -babalapa); gun-murnambula big thumb/toe; gun-jarlarla (see -jarlarla) little finger/toe. Category: body parts.

ay-gurrepa   loc. close on this side; near on this side. See: rra spear. Synonym: yi-gurrepa close/near there; Antonym: balay far.

ay-guwerranga   loc. away in other place back this direction. See main entry: gu-werranga in other place.

aywubupa   n. bad=nature.Paradigm: gun-. Aywubupa gu-rrimanga. He has a bad nature.