Burarra-English Interactive Dictionary

 

Compilers: Kathleen Glasgow and David Glasgow

Copyright: 2011 Australian Society for Indigenous Languages

Publication: AuSIL Interactive Dictionary Series A-1

Series Editor:Charles E. Grimes

Editor: Maarten Lecompte (for interactive version)

Contact: ausil@sil.org

 

Introduction

The Burarra language (Ethnologue/ISO code: bvr) is spoken by the Burarra and Gun-nartpa people (approximately 600 speakers) in the Blyth and Cadell River regions and in the town of Maningrida in North-Central Arnhemland. The Burarra language family consists of three dialects: Gun-narta (also referred to as An-barra), Gun-narda (also known as Martay) and Gun-nartpa.

Acknowledgements

This Burarra Interactive Dictionary consists of approximately 4000 headwords collected by Kathleen and David Glasgow. The dictionary was previously published by the Summer Institute of Linguistics in 1994. Semantic categories have also been added to assist electronic searches.

Many people have had a part in the making of this dictionary, most importantly all the Burarra and Gun-nartpa people, who shared their language with the compilers. A complete list of people and institutions who made a contribution to the compilation of the dictionary can be found in Glasgow (1994).

The interactive version of this dictionary and the introduction was prepared by Maarten Lecompte using Toolbox and Lexique Pro.

Burarra sounds

Burarra has 21 consonants and 5 vowels. The vowels are:

 

 

 

front

central

back

high

i

 

u

low

e

a

o

 

Burarra consonants are presented below. The symbols used in the practical orthography in the Burarra Interactive Dictionary are presented first in dark red, with IPA symbols in square brackets for special sounds.

 

 

 

lips

tongue tip forward

tongue tip curled back

middle of tongue

back of tongue

bilabial

apico-alveolar

apico-retroflex-alveolar

lamino-palatal

velar

voiceless stops

p

t

rt [ʈ]

ch [ʧ]

k

voiced stops

b

d

rd [ɖ]

j [ʤ]

g

nasals

m

n

rn [ɳ]

ny [ɲ]

ng [ŋ]

glides

w

 

 

y

 

lateral

 

l [l]

rl [ɭ]

 

 

Lateral flap

 

rr [r]

r [ɽ]

 

 

 

 

Notes on Burarra grammar

An introduction to Burarra grammar can be found in  Glasgow (1994). Additional descriptions of the phonology and grammar are listed in the references below. There are also various aids in the Appendices: summaries of morpho-phonemic changes (Appendix 1), parts of speech (Appendix 2), and the moieties and their subsections (Appendix 3).

 

Related resources available from AuSIL

A description of the Burarra phonology, the orthograpy and spelling conventions is found in:

Burarra phonemes in PDF       

Burarra orthography (used in this dictionary) in PDF

 

Some references on Burarra

Coward, David F. and Charles E. Grimes. (1995, 2000). Making dictionaries: a guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw: Summer Institute of Linguistics.  
www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/mdf.html

Glasgow, David and Harland B. Kerr. 1964. Burera verb prefixes. In Richard S. Pittman and Harland Kerr (eds.), Papers on the languages of the Australian Aborigine,. Occasional Papers in Aboriginal Studies 3:119-128. Canberra: Australian Institute for Aboriginal Studies.

Glasgow, David. 1966. Notes on the Burera sound system (North Arnhem Coast). Darwin: Education Section of the Welfare Branch, Northern Territories Administration.

Glasgow, David and Kathleen Glasgow. 1967. The phonemes of Burera. Pacific Linguistics A 10:1-14.

Glasgow, Kathleen 1964. Frame of reference for two Burera tenses. In Richard S. Pittman and Harland Kerr (eds.), Papers on the languages of the Australian Aborigines, Occasional Papers in Aboriginal Studies. Canberra: Australian Institute for Aboriginal Studies. 3:118.

Glasgow, Kathleen 1964. Four principal contrasts in Burera personal pronouns. In Richard S. Pittman and Harland Kerr (eds.), Papers on the languages of the Australian Aborigines. Occasional Papers in Aboriginal Studies 3:109-117. Canberra: Australian Institute for Aboriginal Studies.

Glasgow, Kathleen 1981. Burarra orthography. In Bruce Waters (ed.), Australian phonologies: Collected papers. Work Papers of the Summer Institute of Linguistics, Australian Aborigines Branch A-5: 91-101. Darwin: Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Glasgow, Kathleen  1981. Burarra phonemes. In Bruce Waters (ed.), Australian phonologies: Collected papers. Work Papers of the Summer Institute of Linguistics, Australian Aborigines Branch A-5: 63-89. Darwin: Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Glasgow, Kathleen 1988. The structure and system of Burarra sentences. Pacific Linguistics A 71: 205-51.

Glasgow, Kathleen, compiler. 1994. Burarra - Gun-nartpa dictionary with English finder list. Darwin: Summer Institute of Linguistics. 928 p.

Glasgow, Kathleen and Mark Garner. 1980. Clause-level tagmemes of Burarra. Pacific Linguistics A 58: 37-82.

Green, R. 1987. A sketch grammar of Burarra. honours thesis, Linguistics, Australian National University.

Kerr, Harland B. 1964. Comparison of Anyula base pronouns with Burera, Maung, and Wik-Munkan. In Richard S. Pittman and Harland Kerr (eds.), Papers on the languages of the Australian Aborigines, Occasional Papers in Aboriginal Studies. Canberra: Australian Institute for Aboriginal Studies. 3:149-150.